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Vers quelle transition énergétique en Martinique ? : Acteurs et gouvernance de la substitution des énergies fossiles par les énergies renouvelables pour la production électrique

Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the integration of the energy transition within an Overseas Territory of France. Focusing on the island of Martinique as a case study, it analyzes in details the changes taking place in the industry of electricity production. By mobilizing the concept of governance, the study takes place under the triple context of decentralizing of energy-related decisions, opening up the electricity market to new private operators, and increasing dispute on planning emerging from civil society.This research addresses three main issues:• The territory and its exploitable energy potentials;• The actors operating the transition on the island;• Renewable energy exploitation projects. Based on a thorough analysis of technical documents, local press publications and field interviews, this research seeks to explain the reasons behind the progress or the stagnation of the energy transition in Martinique. It highlights the conflicting and non-consensual nature of its conception and definition. Various case studies, such as ground-mounted photovoltaics, the biomass power plant Galion 2 and the ocean thermal energy conversion project NEMO, provide insights on this antagonistic dynamic. Joining a vibrant conversation on the implementation of energy transition, our results reveal that regional development of renewable means of production is mainly driven by a local governance, which seeks to limit the potential impact on major activities such as agriculture, tourism... Historical stakeholders continue to influence the electricity industry, thus maintaining its dependency on petroleum products.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 21, 2020 - 5:19:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 23, 2020 - 3:13:14 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03085348, version 1

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François Ory. Vers quelle transition énergétique en Martinique ? : Acteurs et gouvernance de la substitution des énergies fossiles par les énergies renouvelables pour la production électrique. Géographie. Université du Maine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LEMA3009⟩. ⟨tel-03085348⟩

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