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Optimal sizing of submarine cables from an electro-thermal perspective

Abstract : — In similar fashion to most renewables, wave energy is capital expenditure (CapEx)-intensive: the cost of wave energy converters (WECs), infrastructure, and installation is estimated to represent 60-80% of the final energy cost. In particular, grid connection and cable infrastructure is expected to represent up to a significant 10% of the total CapEx. However, substantial economical savings could be realised by further optimising the electrical design of the farm, and in particular by optimising the submarine cable sizing. This paper will present the results of an electro-thermal study focussing on submarine cables temperature response to fluctuating electrical current profiles as generated by wave device arrays, and obtained through the finite element analysis tool COMSOL. This study investigates the maximum fluctuating current loading which can be injected through a submarine cable compared to its current rating which is usually defined under steady-state conditions, and is therefore irrelevant in the case of wave energy. Hence, using this value for design optimisation studies in the specific context of wave energy is expected to lead to useless oversizing of the cables, thus hindering the economic competitiveness of this renewable energy source.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 9:11:18 AM
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Abdelghani Matine, Charles-Henri Bonnard, Anne Blavette, Salvy Bourguet, François Rongère, et al.. Optimal sizing of submarine cables from an electro-thermal perspective. European Wave and Tidal Conference (EWTEC), Aug 2017, Cork, Ireland. ⟨hal-01754060⟩

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