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Genetic Evidence for the Involvement of Mismatch Repair Proteins, PMS2 and MLH3, in a Late Step of Homologous Recombination.

Abstract : Homologous recombination (HR) repairs DNA double-strand breaks using intact homologous sequences as template DNA. Broken DNA and intact homologous sequences form joint molecules (JMs), including Holliday junctions (HJs), as HR intermediates. HJs are resolved to form crossover and noncrossover products. A mismatch repair factor, MLH3 endonuclease produces the majority of crossovers during meiotic HR, but it remains elusive whether mismatch repair factors promote HR in non-meiotic cells. We disrupted genes encoding the MLH3 and PMS2 endonucleases in the human B cell line, TK6, generating null MLH3-/- and PMS2-/- mutant cells. We also inserted point mutations into the endonuclease motif of MLH3 and PMS2 genes, generating endonuclease death MLH3DN/DN and PMS2EK/EK cells. MLH3-/- and MLH3DN/DN cells showed a very similar phenotype, a 2.5 times decrease in the frequency of heteroallelic HR-dependent repair of a restriction-enzyme-induced double-strand breaks. PMS2-/- and PMS2EK/EK cells showed a phenotype very similar to that of the MLH3 mutants. These data indicate that MLH3 and PMS2 promote HR as an endonuclease. The MLH3DN/DN and PMS2EK/EK mutations had an additive effect on the heteroallelic HR. MLH3DN/DN/PMS2EK/EK cells showed normal kinetics of g-irradiation-induced Rad51 foci but a significant delay in the resolution of Rad51 foci and three times decrease in the number of cisplatin-induced sister chromatid exchange (SCE). The ectopic expression of the Gen1 HJ resolvase partially reversed the defective heteroallelic HR of MLH3DN/DN/PMS2EK/EK cells. Taken together, we propose that MLH3 and PMS2 promote HR as endonucleases, most likely by processing JMs in mammalian somatic cells.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 25, 2020 - 2:07:23 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 3:37:44 AM



Md Maminur Rahman, Mohiuddin Mohiuddin, Islam Shamima Keka, Kousei Yamada, Masataka Tsuda, et al.. Genetic Evidence for the Involvement of Mismatch Repair Proteins, PMS2 and MLH3, in a Late Step of Homologous Recombination.. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, inPress, ⟨10.1074/jbc.RA120.013521⟩. ⟨hal-03020384⟩



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