Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Determining the true mass of radial-velocity exoplanets with Gaia: Nine planet candidates in the brown dwarf or stellar regime and 27 confirmed planets

Abstract : Mass is one of the most important parameters for determining the true nature of an astronomical object. Yet, many published exoplanets lack a measurement of their true mass, in particular those detected as a result of radial-velocity (RV) variations of their host star. For those examples, only the minimum mass, or m sin i, is known, owing to the insensitivity of RVs to the inclination of the detected orbit compared to the plane of the sky. The mass that is given in databases is generally that of an assumed edge-on system (~90°), but many other inclinations are possible, even extreme values closer to 0° (face-on). In such a case, the mass of the published object could be strongly underestimated by up to two orders of magnitude. In the present study, we use GASTON, a recently developed tool taking advantage of the voluminous Gaia astrometric database to constrain the inclination and true mass of several hundreds of published exoplanet candidates. We find nine exoplanet candidates in the stellar or brown dwarf (BD) domain, among which six were never characterized. We show that 30 Ari B b, HD 141937 b, HD 148427 b, HD 6718 b, HIP 65891 b, and HD 16760 b have masses larger than 13.5 MJ at 3σ. We also confirm the planetary nature of 27 exoplanets, including HD 10180 c, d and g. Studying the orbital periods, eccentricities, and host-star metallicities in the BD domain, we found distributions with respect to true masses consistent with other publications. The distribution of orbital periods shows of a void of BD detections below ~100 d, while eccentricity and metallicity distributions agree with a transition between BDs similar to planets and BDs similar to stars in the range 40–50 MJ.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03085694
Contributor : Edp Sciences <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 21, 2020 - 10:08:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 24, 2020 - 3:20:25 AM

File

aa39168-20.pdf
Publication funded by an institution

Identifiers

Citation

F. Kiefer, G. Hébrard, A. Lecavelier Des Etangs, E. Martioli, S. Dalal, et al.. Determining the true mass of radial-velocity exoplanets with Gaia: Nine planet candidates in the brown dwarf or stellar regime and 27 confirmed planets. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2021, 645, pp.A7. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202039168⟩. ⟨hal-03085694⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

25

Files downloads

40