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Two repeated motifs enriched within some enhancers and origins of replication are bound by SETMAR isoforms in human colon cells

Abstract : Setmar is a gene specific to simian genomes. The function(s) of its isoforms are poorly understood and their existence in healthy tissues remains to be validated. Here we profiled SETMAR expression and its genome-wide binding landscape in colon tissue. We found isoforms V3 and V6 in healthy and tumour colon tissues as well as incell lines. In two colorectal cell lines SETMAR binds to several thousand Hsmar1 and MADE1 terminal ends, transposons mostly located in non-genic regions of active chromatin including in enhancers. It also binds to a 12-bp motifs similar to an inner motif in Hsmar1 and MADE1 terminal ends. This motif is interspersed throughout the genome and is enriched in GC-rich regions as well as in CpG islands that contain constitutive replication origins. It is also found in enhancers other than those associated with Hsmar1 and MADE1. The role of SETMAR in the expression of genes, DNA replication and in DNA repair are discussed.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03385429
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Submitted on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 1:50:40 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 3:20:13 AM

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Aymeric Antoine-Lorquin, Peter Arensburger, Ahmed Arnaoty, Sassan Asgari, Martine Batailler, et al.. Two repeated motifs enriched within some enhancers and origins of replication are bound by SETMAR isoforms in human colon cells. Genomics, Elsevier, 2021, 113 (3), pp.1589-1604. ⟨10.1016/j.ygeno.2021.03.032⟩. ⟨hal-03385429⟩

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