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Use of Myriophyllum alterniflorum (Haloragaceae) for restoration of heavy-metal-polluted freshwater environments: preliminary results

Abstract : Myriophyllum alterniflorum D.C., a poor-known aquatic macrophyte native to north-European freshwaters, was found even in polluted environments from the Vienne river and its tributaries which are often loaded with cadmium and copper near the Limoges metropolis (Haute-Vienne, France). This plant could cope with, to some extent, heavy-metal pollution and is used as a bioindicator since 2009. For these reasons, M. alterniflorum appears as a good candidate for running-freshwater restoration. In this way, the in vitro culture of this plant species was developed to allow a mass production and to study its phytoaccumulation capabilities. The in vitro culture of M. alterniflorum was optimized using Murashige & Skoog's medium allowing rapid growth and biomass production. Phytoaccumulation tests indicate that this species accumulate rapidly heavy metal as a 415-fold increase of cadmium and a 32-fold increase of copper were evidenced on the first 24h after contamination. Moreover, preliminary results concerning the reintroduction of M. alterniflorum clones in degraded and non-polluted areas are also rather encouraging, indicating that this taxon is a good candidate to freshwater restoration.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00834658
Contributor : David Delmail <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 17, 2013 - 9:54:33 AM
Last modification on : Monday, September 24, 2018 - 9:42:07 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00834658, version 1

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David Delmail, Pascal Labrousse, Philippe Hourdin, Michel Botineau. Use of Myriophyllum alterniflorum (Haloragaceae) for restoration of heavy-metal-polluted freshwater environments: preliminary results. 7th SER European Conference on Ecological Restoration, Aug 2010, Avignon, France. ⟨hal-00834658⟩

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