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Advanced electrokinetic characterization of composite porous membranes

Abstract : The effect of the streaming current flowing through the porous structure of composite membranes during tangential electrokinetic measurements was investigated. It was shown that neglecting this additional path for streaming current may have dramatic implications in the interpretation of the experimental data and on the determination of the membrane zeta potential. Experimental measurements of both streaming current and electrical conductance were performed with two different composite polymer membranes. By following the procedure proposed by Yaroshchuk and Luxbacher, Langmuir 26 (2010) 10882-10889, in the present work it was possible to determine separately the zeta potential of the membrane surfaces and that of their underlying porous structures. This experimental procedure was shown to provide useful information on the functionalization of an ultrafiltration polyethersulfone membrane by positively charged 4-benzyltriphenylphosphonium groups. Notably we found that the chemical modification leads to a charge reversal (from negative to positive) of the porous substructure of the membrane while the overall charge of the external surface remains negative, although with diminished magnitude.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 26, 2013 - 10:45:39 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 10, 2020 - 4:23:56 PM
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Anthony Szymczyk, Yonis Ibrahim Dirir, Matthieu Picot, Irène Nicolas, Frédéric Barrière. Advanced electrokinetic characterization of composite porous membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, Elsevier, 2013, 429, pp.44-51. ⟨10.1016/j.memsci.2012.11.076⟩. ⟨hal-00838638⟩

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