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Rate enhancement of the catechol oxidase activity of a series of biomimetic monocopper(II) complexes by introduction of non-coordinating groups in N-tripodal ligands

Abstract : Asymmetrical N-tripodal ligands have been synthesized in three steps. Diversity has been introduced at the first step of the synthesis by adding pyrazine, pyridine, benzyl and thiophene rings. The corresponding CuII complexes have been prepared by reaction with CuCl2 and characterized by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR), UV-Vis spectroscopies and cyclic voltammetry. The data show that the ligand coordinates to CuII in a mononuclear fashion in solution and that the complexes display a square pyramidal geometry. All complexes are characterized by a quasi-reversible one-electron redox behavior in acetonitrile. The ability of the complexes to oxidize 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol to 3,5-di-tert-butylquinone has been studied and the results show that the rate of the reaction depends on the basicity and the steric hindrance of the heterocyclic donor. Best results have been obtained with CuII complexes coordinated to bidentate ligands, since they facilitate the approach and the coordination of catechol to the metal. Particularly, the introduction of a thiophenyl group to mimic the sulfur atom at proximity to the catalytic center in the catechol oxidase protein structure improves the catalytic activity of the complex.
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Ronan Marion, Nidal Saleh, Nicolas Le Poul, Didier Floner, Olivier Lavastre, et al.. Rate enhancement of the catechol oxidase activity of a series of biomimetic monocopper(II) complexes by introduction of non-coordinating groups in N-tripodal ligands. New Journal of Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2012, 36, pp.1828-1835. ⟨10.1039/C2NJ40265C⟩. ⟨hal-00843848⟩

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