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Identification of avalanche precursors by acoustic probing in the bulk of tilted granular layers

Abstract : Understanding the precursors of granular avalanches is important for the prediction of critical events. As part of the dynamics leading to the avalanche, precursors are identified as collective motions of grains on the free surface. When a granular pile is tilted at a constant angular velocity, precursors appear quasi-periodically. In this paper we simultaneously caracterize precursors on the free surface with an optical method and in the bulk with acoustic methods (nonlinear and linear). Surprisingly, the use on nonlinear acoustic method is not necessary to probe rearrangements in the bulk of the granular material. A linear method can also be used provided that the frequency region is the one where the acoustic propagation is sensitive to the solid skeleton formed by the bead-contact network. Our experiments conducted with monodisperse glass beads show that their surface features are by far the most important for the precursor propreties. Our results allow to probe with a few millisecond time resolution (less than 10−2 degree of inclination) the relaxation phenomena associated to each precursor event. Interpretations of different precursors and different experiments provide an interesting train of thought for the understanding of destabilization mechanisms in granular systems.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 17, 2013 - 4:23:27 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 8:56:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, October 18, 2013 - 4:35:46 AM

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Mickaël Duranteau, Vincent Tournat, Vladimir Zaitsev, Renaud Delannay, Patrick Richard. Identification of avalanche precursors by acoustic probing in the bulk of tilted granular layers. POWDERS AND GRAINS 2013: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Micromechanics of Granular Media, Jul 2013, Sydney, Australia. pp.650-653, ⟨10.1063/1.4812015⟩. ⟨hal-00845755⟩

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