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Phenomenological study of parabolic and spherical indentation of elastic-ideally plastic material

Abstract : A phenomenological study of parabolic and spherical indentation of elastic ideally plastic materials was carried out by using precise results of finite elements calculations. The study shows that no "pseudo-Hertzian" regime occurs during spherical indentation. As soon as the yield stress of the indented material is exceeded, a deviation from the,purely elastic Hertzian contact behaviour is found. Two elastic-plastic regimes and two plastic regimes are observed for materials of very large Young modulus to Yield stress ratio, E/σy. The first elastic-plastic regime corresponds to a strong evolution of the indented plastic zone. The first plastic regime corresponds to the commonly called "fully plastic regime", in which the average indentation pressure is constant and equal to about three times the yield stress of the indented material. In this regime, the contact depth to penetration depth ratio tends toward a constant value, i.e. hc/h=1.47. hc/h is only constant for very low values of yield strain (σy/E lower than 5.10-6) when aE*/Rσy is higher than 10,000. The second plastic regime corresponds to a decrease in the average indentation pressure and to a steeper increase in the pile-up. For materials with very large E/σy ratio, the second plastic regime appears when the value of the nondimensional contact radius a/R is lower than 0.01. In the case of spherical and parabolic indentation, results show that the first plastic regime exists only for elastic-ideally plastic materials having an E/σy ratio higher than approximately 2.000.
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Olivier Bartier, Xavier Hernot. Phenomenological study of parabolic and spherical indentation of elastic-ideally plastic material. International Journal of Solids and Structures, Elsevier, 2012, 49, pp.2015-2026. ⟨10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2012.04.005⟩. ⟨hal-00861520⟩

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