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Adsorption onto activated carbon fiber cloth and electrothermal desorption of volatile organic compound (VOCs): A Specific Review

Abstract : A general research program, focusing on activated carbon fiber cloths (ACFC) and felt for environmental protection was performed. The objectives were multiple: (i) a better understanding of the adsorption mechanisms of these kinds of materials; (ii) the specification and optimization of new processes using these adsorbents; (iii) the modeling of the adsorption of organic pollutants using both the usual and original approaches; (iv) applications of ACFC in industrial processes. The general question was: how can activated carbon fiber cloths and felts be used in air treatment processes for the protection of environment. In order to provide an answer, different approaches were adopted. The materials (ACFC) were characterized in terms of macro structure and internal porosity. Specific studies were performed to get the air flow pattern through the fabrics. Head loss data were generated and modeled as a function of air velocity. The performances of ACF to remove volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were approached with the adsorption isotherms and breakthrough curves in various operating conditions. Regeneration by Joule effect shows a homogenous heating of adsorber modules with rolled or pleated layers. Examples of industrial developments were presented showing an interesting technology for the removal of VOCs, such as dichloromethane, benzene, isopropyl alcohol and toluene, alone or in a complex mixture.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00872319
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Submitted on : Friday, October 11, 2013 - 4:42:26 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 2:04:54 PM

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Pierre Le Cloirec. Adsorption onto activated carbon fiber cloth and electrothermal desorption of volatile organic compound (VOCs): A Specific Review. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Elsevier, 2012, 20 (3), pp.461-468. ⟨10.1016/S1004-9541(11)60207-3⟩. ⟨hal-00872319⟩

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