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Long-term impact of cardiac resynchronization therapy in mild heart failure: 5-year results from the REsynchronization reVErses Remodeling in Systolic left vEntricular dysfunction (REVERSE) study.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) among patients with mild heart failure (HF), reduced left ventricular (LV) function and wide QRS is well established. We studied the long-term stability of CRT. METHODS: REVERSE was a randomized, double-blind study on CRT in NYHA Class I and II HF patients with QRS ≥120 ms and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%. After the randomized phase, all were programmed to CRT ON and prospectively followed through 5 years for functional capacity, echocardiography, HF hospitalizations, mortality, and adverse events. We report the results of the 419 patients initially assigned to CRT ON. FINDINGS: The mean follow-up time was 54.8 ± 13.0 months. After 2 years, the functional and LV remodelling improvements were maximal. The 6-min hall walk increased by 18.8 ± 102.3 m and the Minnesota and Kansas City scores improved by 8.2 ± 17.8 and 8.2 ± 17.2 units, respectively. The mean decrease in left ventricular end-systolic volume index and left ventricular end-diastolic volume index was 23.5 ± 34.1 mL/m(2) (P < 0.0001) and 25.4 ± 37.0 mL/m2 (P < 0.0001) and the mean increase in LVEF 6.0 ± 10.8% (P < 0.0001) with sustained improvement thereafter. The annualized and 5-year mortality was 2.9 and 13.5% and the annualized and 5-year rate of death or first HF hospitalization 6.4, and 28.1%. The 5-year LV lead-related complication rate was 12.5%. CONCLUSION: In patients with mild HF, CRT produced reverse LV remodelling accompanied by very low mortality and need for heart failure hospitalization. These effects were sustained over 5 years. Cardiac resynchronization therapy in addition to optimal medical therapy produces long-standing clinical benefits in mild heart failure. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT00271154.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00878717
Contributor : Marie Lecoupe-Grainville <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 30, 2013 - 4:34:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 22, 2019 - 2:00:04 PM

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Cecilia Linde, Michael R Gold, William T Abraham, Martin St John Sutton, Stefano Ghio, et al.. Long-term impact of cardiac resynchronization therapy in mild heart failure: 5-year results from the REsynchronization reVErses Remodeling in Systolic left vEntricular dysfunction (REVERSE) study.. European Heart Journal, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B, 2013, 34 (33), pp.2592-9. ⟨10.1093/eurheartj/eht160⟩. ⟨hal-00878717⟩

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