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Implantable Defibrillators Improve Survival in Patients With Mildly Symptomatic Heart Failure Receiving Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: Analysis of the Long-Term Follow-Up of Remodeling in Systolic Left Ventricular Dysfunction (REVERSE).

Abstract : Background- Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) decreases mortality, improves functional status, and induces reverse left ventricular remodeling in selected populations with heart failure. These benefits have been noted with both CRT-pacemakers as well as those devices with defibrillator backup (CRT-D). However, there are little data comparing mortality between these 2 device types. Methods and Results- REsynchronization reVErses Remodeling in Systolic left vEntricular dysfunction (REVERSE) was a multicenter, randomized trial of CRT among patients with mild heart failure. Long-term annual follow-up for 5 years was preplanned. The present analysis was confined to the 419 patients who were randomized to active CRT group. CRT-pacemakers or CRT-D devices were implanted based on national guidelines at the time of enrollment, with 74 patients receiving CRT pacemaker devices and the remaining 345 patients receiving CRT-D devices. After 12 months of CRT, changes in the clinical composite score, left ventricular end systolic volume index, 6-minute walk time, and quality of life indices were similar between CRT pacemaker and CRT-D patients. However, long-term follow-up showed lower morality in the CRT-D group. Specifically, multivariable analysis showed that CRT-D (hazard ratio, 0.35; P=0.003) was a strong independent predictor of survival. Female sex, longer unpaced QRS duration, and smaller baseline left ventricular end systolic volume index also were also associated with better survival. Conclusions- REVERSE demonstrated that the addition of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy to CRT is associated with improved long-term survival compared with CRT pacing alone in mild heart failure. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique Identifier: NCT00271154.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00933176
Contributor : Morgane Le Corre <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 20, 2014 - 10:06:13 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 4, 2020 - 4:06:08 PM

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Michael R Gold, Jean-Claude Daubert, William T Abraham, Christian Hassager, Jay L Dinerman, et al.. Implantable Defibrillators Improve Survival in Patients With Mildly Symptomatic Heart Failure Receiving Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: Analysis of the Long-Term Follow-Up of Remodeling in Systolic Left Ventricular Dysfunction (REVERSE).. Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, 2013, 6 (6), pp.1163-8. ⟨10.1161/CIRCEP.113.000570⟩. ⟨hal-00933176⟩

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