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Anti-Mullerian Hormone Recruits BMPR-IA in Immature Granulosa Cells

Abstract : Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is a member of the TGF-b superfamily secreted by the gonads of both sexes. This hormone is primarily known for its role in the regression of the Mullerian ducts in male fetuses. In females, AMH is expressed in granulosa cells of developing follicles. Like other members of the TGF-b superfamily, AMH transduces its signal through two transmembrane serine/threonine kinase receptors including a well characterized type II receptor, AMHR-II. The complete signalling pathway of AMH involving Smads proteins and the type I receptor is well known in the Mullerian duct and in Sertoli and Leydig cells but not in granulosa cells. In addition, few AMH target genes have been identified in these cells. Finally, while several co-receptors have been reported for members of the TGF-b superfamily, none have been described for AMH. Here, we have shown that none of the Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs) co-receptors, Repulsive guidance molecules (RGMs), were essential for AMH signalling. We also demonstrated that the main Smad proteins used by AMH in granulosa cells were Smad 1 and Smad 5. Like for the other AMH target cells, the most important type I receptor for AMH in these cells was BMPR-IA. Finally, we have identified a new AMH target gene, Id3, which could be involved in the effects of AMH on the differentiation of granulosa cells and its other target cells.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 21, 2014 - 10:24:52 AM
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Lauriane Sèdes, Arnaud Leclerc, Hadia Moindjie, Richard L. Cate, Jean-Yves Picard, et al.. Anti-Mullerian Hormone Recruits BMPR-IA in Immature Granulosa Cells. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8 (11), pp.e81551. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0081551⟩. ⟨hal-00933786⟩

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