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Advanced age remains an achilles heel for liver resections.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: As the general population is aging, surgery in elderly patients has become a major public health issue. This basic question is especially true for liver resection (LR). The aim of this study was to evaluate the operative risks of LR in the elderly. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a large recent and monocentric database of LR was performed between January 1, 2005 and May 31, 2011. Patients were categorized into three groups (<60, 60-74, and ≥75 years old) to analyze postoperative outcomes and 1-year mortality. Clinicopathologic factors likely to influence outcomes were assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Altogether, 1,001 consecutive LRs were performed in 912 patients (mean age 62 ± 13 years). The distribution of the LR by age was 372 (37.2 %), 477 (47.6 %), and 152 (15.2 %) in patients <60, 60-74, and ≥75 years, respectively. The overall morbidity and mortality rates were 33.3 and 2.5 %, respectively. Age ≥75 years was independently associated with postoperative mortality [odds ratio (OR) 4.75, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.5-15.1; p = 0.008] and 1-year mortality (OR 2.8, 95 % CI 1.2-6.6; p = 0.015). The postoperative complication rate (p = 0.216) was not increased, even for major complications (p = 0.09). The other independent risk factors for mortality were a cirrhotic liver (p = 0.017), preoperative arterial chemoembolization (p = 0.001), caval vein clamping (p = 0.001), and intraoperative blood transfusion (p = 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: Age beyond 75 years represent a risk factor of death after LR and should be avoided after chemoembolization or in cirrhotic patients. A specific assessment using geriatric indexes might be the key to success in this population.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 13, 2014 - 2:17:21 PM
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Laurent Sulpice, Michel Rayar, Boris Campillo, Claire Pery, Antoine Guillaud, et al.. Advanced age remains an achilles heel for liver resections.. World Journal of Surgery, Springer Verlag, 2014, 38 (4), pp.918-26. ⟨10.1007/s00268-013-2367-0⟩. ⟨hal-00990299⟩



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