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Emergence of cooperativity in plasticity of soft glassy materials

Abstract : The elastic coupling between plastic events is generally invoked to interpret plastic properties and failure of amorphous soft glassy materials. We report an experiment where the emergence of a self-organized plastic flow is observed well before the failure. For this we impose an homogeneous stress on a granular material, and measure local deformations for very small strain increments using a light scattering setup. We observe a non-homogeneous strain that appears as transient bands of mesoscopic size and well defined orientation, different from the angle of the macroscopic frictional shear band that appears at failure. The presence and the orientation of those micro-bands may be understood by considering how localized plastic reorganizations redistribute stresses in a surrounding continuous elastic medium. We characterize the lengthscale and persistence of the structure. The presence of plastic events and the mesostructure of the plastic flow are compared to numerical simulations.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 2, 2014 - 10:34:23 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 7, 2021 - 2:18:03 PM

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Antoine Le Bouil, Axelle Amon, Sean Mcnamara, Jérôme Crassous. Emergence of cooperativity in plasticity of soft glassy materials. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2014, 112, pp.246001. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.246001⟩. ⟨hal-01059867⟩



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