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Sterols associated with small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs): intrinsic mobility role for 1H NMR detection.

Abstract : Small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs) of phospholipids are often used as a membrane model system for studying the interaction of molecules. When using NMR under the standard liquid-state conditions, SUV phospholipid proton spectra can be recorded, exhibiting sharp signals. This is not only because of the fast vesicular tumbling but also because of the combination of this tumbling with the individual motion of the lipids inside the bilayer. This appears evident because addition of cholesterol is responsible of broader resonances because of the slowing down of the lipid motion. On the other hand, no (1)H signal is detected for cholesterol in the bilayer. This lack of detection of the inserted molecules explains why generally SUVs are not considered as a good model for NMR studies under the standard liquid-state conditions. Here, we use two other sterols in order to demonstrate that an increase of the molecular mobility inside the bilayer could allow the detection of their proton resonances. For desmosterol and lanosterol, which show higher mobility inside the bilayer, with increasing lateral diffusion rates, (1)H sterol signals are detected in contrast to cholesterol. For the fast diffusing lanosterol, no significant improvement in detection is observed using deuterated lipids, demonstrating that homonuclear dipolar coupling is fully averaged out. Furthermore, in the case of low mobility such as for cholesterol, the use of a fast magic angle spinning probe is shown to be efficient to recover the full proton spectrum.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 2, 2014 - 4:23:36 PM
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Liza Mouret, Grégory da Costa, Arnaud Bondon. Sterols associated with small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs): intrinsic mobility role for 1H NMR detection.. Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, Wiley, 2014, 52 (7), pp.339-44. ⟨10.1002/mrc.4069⟩. ⟨hal-01060067⟩



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