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Redox properties of biscyclopentadienyl uranium(V) imido-halide complexes: a relativistic DFT study

Abstract : Calculations of ionization energies (IE) and electron affinities (EA) of a series of biscyclopentadienyl imido-halide uranium(V) complexes Cp*2U(=N-2,6-(i)Pr2-C6H3)(X) with X = F, Cl, Br, and I, related to the U(IV)/U(V) and U(V)/U(VI) redox systems, were carried out, for the first time, using density functional theory (DFT) in the framework of the relativistic zeroth order regular approximation (ZORA) coupled with the conductor-like screening model (COSMO) solvation approach. A very good linear correlation (R(2) = 0.993) was obtained, between calculated ionization energies at the ZORA/BP86/TZP level, and the experimental half-wave oxidation potentials E1/2. A similar linear correlation between the computed electron affinities and the electrochemical reduction U(IV)/U(III) potentials (R(2) = 0.996) is obtained. The importance of solvent effects and of spin-orbit coupling is definitively confirmed. The molecular orbital analysis underlines the crucial role played by the 5f orbitals of the central metal whereas the Nalewajski-Mrozek (N-M) bond indices explain well the bond distances variations following the redox processes. The IE variation of the complexes, i.e., IE(F) < IE(Cl) < IE(Br) < IE(I) is also well rationalized considering the frontier MO diagrams of these species. Finally, this work confirms the relevance of the Hirshfeld charges analysis which bring to light an excellent linear correlation (R(2) = 0.999) between the variations of the uranium charges and E1/2 in the reduction process of the U(V) species.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 24, 2014 - 3:22:07 PM
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Aziz Elkechai, Farida Kias, Fazia Talbi, Abdou Boucekkine. Redox properties of biscyclopentadienyl uranium(V) imido-halide complexes: a relativistic DFT study. Journal of Molecular Modeling, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2014, 20 (6), pp.2294. ⟨10.1007/s00894-014-2294-5⟩. ⟨hal-01077363⟩

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