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Notch signaling and proneural genes work together to control the neural building blocks for the initial scaffold in the hypothalamus.

Abstract : The vertebrate embryonic prosencephalon gives rise to the hypothalamus, which plays essential roles in sensory information processing as well as control of physiological homeostasis and behavior. While patterning of the hypothalamus has received much attention, initial neurogenesis in the developing hypothalamus has mostly been neglected. The first differentiating progenitor cells of the hypothalamus will give rise to neurons that form the nucleus of the tract of the postoptic commissure (nTPOC) and the nucleus of the mammillotegmental tract (nMTT). The formation of these neuronal populations has to be highly controlled both spatially and temporally as these tracts will form part of the ventral longitudinal tract (VLT) and act as a scaffold for later, follower axons. This review will cumulate and summarize the existing data available describing initial neurogenesis in the vertebrate hypothalamus. It is well-known that the Notch signaling pathway through the inhibition of proneural genes is a key regulator of neurogenesis in the vertebrate central nervous system. It has only recently been proposed that loss of Notch signaling in the developing chick embryo causes an increase in the number of neurons in the hypothalamus, highlighting an early function of the Notch pathway during hypothalamus formation. Further analysis in the chick and mouse hypothalamus confirms the expression of Notch components and Ascl1 before the appearance of the first differentiated neurons. Many newly identified proneural target genes were also found to be expressed during neuronal differentiation in the hypothalamus. Given the critical role that hypothalamic neural circuitry plays in maintaining homeostasis, it is particularly important to establish the targets downstream of this Notch/proneural network.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, February 13, 2015 - 2:19:39 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 11:17:43 AM

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Michelle Ware, Houda Hamdi-Rozé, Valérie Dupé. Notch signaling and proneural genes work together to control the neural building blocks for the initial scaffold in the hypothalamus.. Frontiers in Neuroanatomy, Frontiers, 2014, 8, pp.140. ⟨10.3389/fnana.2014.00140⟩. ⟨hal-01116433⟩



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