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Journal Articles European Journal of Human Genetics Year : 2015

Incomplete penetrance and phenotypic variability of 6q16 deletions including SIM1.

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Laïla El Khattabi
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Fabien Guimiot
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  • PersonId : 841588
Hélène Dessuant
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Séverine Drunat
Céline Dupont
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Hubert Journel
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Nathalie Marle
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Orazio Palumbo
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Aimé Ravel
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Mylène Valduga
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Marie Vermelle
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Jean-Michel Dupont
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Andrée Delahaye
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Abstract

6q16 deletions have been described in patients with a Prader-Willi-like (PWS-like) phenotype. Recent studies have shown that certain rare single-minded 1 (SIM1) loss-of-function variants were associated with a high intra-familial risk for obesity with or without features of PWS-like syndrome. Although SIM1 seems to have a key role in the phenotype of patients carrying 6q16 deletions, some data support a contribution of other genes, such as GRIK2, to explain associated behavioural problems. We describe 15 new patients in whom de novo 6q16 deletions were characterised by comparative genomic hybridisation or single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis, including the first patient with fetopathological data. This fetus showed dysmorphic facial features, cerebellar and cerebral migration defects with neuronal heterotopias, and fusion of brain nuclei. The size of the deletion in the 14 living patients ranged from 1.73 to 7.84 Mb, and the fetus had the largest deletion (14 Mb). Genotype-phenotype correlations confirmed the major role for SIM1 haploinsufficiency in obesity and the PWS-like phenotype. Nevertheless, only 8 of 13 patients with SIM1 deletion exhibited obesity, in agreement with incomplete penetrance of SIM1 haploinsufficiency. This study in the largest series reported to date confirms that the PWS-like phenotype is strongly linked to 6q16.2q16.3 deletions and varies considerably in its clinical expression. The possible involvement of other genes in the 6q16.2q16.3-deletion phenotype is discussed.

Dates and versions

hal-01116591 , version 1 (13-02-2015)

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Laïla El Khattabi, Fabien Guimiot, Eva Pipiras, Joris Andrieux, Clarisse Baumann, et al.. Incomplete penetrance and phenotypic variability of 6q16 deletions including SIM1.. European Journal of Human Genetics, 2015, 23 (8), pp.1010-1018. ⟨10.1038/ejhg.2014.230⟩. ⟨hal-01116591⟩
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