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Development of an analytical procedure for quantifying the underivatized neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine in brain tissues

Abstract : The cyanotoxin β-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has received renewed attention as an environmental risk factor for sporadic cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (Nunn et al., Brain Res 410:375–379, 1987). The aim of the present study was to develop and to validate an analytical procedure that allows the quantification of native BMAA and of its natural isomer, 2,4 diaminobutyric acid (DAB), in brain tissues. An analytical procedure was previously reported by our group for the determination of underivatized BMAA in environmental samples. It included a step of sample clean-up by solid phase extraction (SPE) with a mixed-mode sorbent and the analyses were performed by LC/MS-MS using hydrophilic interaction chromatography and multiple reactions monitoring scan mode. As brain tissues have a higher lipid content, the crucial step of sample clean-up had been optimized by evaluating the efficiency of the addition of a liquid/ liquid extraction step prior to the SPE procedure or alternatively, of washing steps to the SPE extraction procedure. The efficiency was checked by visualizing the complexity of theresulting chromatograms in LC/MS and their performance by using spiked brain samples. The optimized analytical procedure, including a washing step with cyclohexane to the SPE with a recovery yield close to 100 %, was validated using the total error approach and allowed the quantification of BMAA in a concentration level ranging from 20 to 1,500 ng/g in brain samples. Finally, the feasibility of implementation of thisprocedure was verified in human brain samples from two patients who died of ALS.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01118629
Contributor : Valerie Briand <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 19, 2015 - 2:52:24 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 20, 2020 - 12:02:02 PM

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Audrey Combès, Saïda El Abdellaeoui, Jérome Vial, Emmeline Lagrange, Valérie Pichon, et al.. Development of an analytical procedure for quantifying the underivatized neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine in brain tissues. Analytical and Bioanalytical Biochemistry, 2014, 406, pp.4627-4636. ⟨10.1007/s00216-014-7872-y⟩. ⟨hal-01118629⟩

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