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Validation of the analytical procedure for the determination of the neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine in complex environmental samples

Abstract : The neurotoxic l-2-amino-3-methylaminopropionic acid (BMAA) was hypothesized to be involved in sporadic cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Studies highlighting a possible implication of environmental factors in the incidence of sporadic ALS have become more numerous over recent years. Over the past years, the most widely used method for quantifying BMAA was based on the derivatization of this polar and basic molecule with a fluorescent compound (6-aminoquinolonyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl, 6-AQC). This derivatization allows the retention of the conjugate by reversed-phase liquid chromatography and its detection by fluorescence. Nevertheless, recent findings have shown that this method applied to complex samples may cause false positive responses. We therefore developed an analytical procedure for the determination of underivatized BMAA at trace level in complex environmental matrices (river water, cyanobacteria and biofilm) using solid-phase extraction (SPE) based on mixed mode sorbent to concentrate and clean up real samples. Analyzes were performed by hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) coupled to electrospray ionization and tandem mass spectrometry used in multiple reaction monitoring scan mode. Analytical procedures were validated for the different natural samples using the total error approach. BMAA can be quantified by these reliable and highly selective analytical methods in a range of only a few ng mL−1 in river water and a few ng mg−1 dry weight in cyanobacteria and biofilm matrices.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01118710
Contributor : Valerie Briand <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 19, 2015 - 4:33:54 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 26, 2020 - 11:44:10 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01118710, version 1

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Audrey Combès, Saïda El Abdellaoui, Cédric Sarazin, Jérome Vial, Annick Mejean, et al.. Validation of the analytical procedure for the determination of the neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine in complex environmental samples. Analytica Chimica Acta, Elsevier Masson, 2013, 771, pp.42-49. ⟨hal-01118710⟩

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