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Méningites bactériennes : facteurs associés au délai d’instauration d’une antibiothérapie adaptée aux urgences [Bacterial meningitis: factors related to the delay before appropriate antibiotic administration in the emergency department].

Abstract : We had for aim to check the appropriateness of our practices according to French guidelines (17th consensus conference, SPILF 2008) and to identify variables associated with the delay before appropriate measures were implemented. Our retrospective observational study (2009-2011) focused on acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in adults. Data was collected on a standardized questionnaire from medical charts and nurse reports. We included 31 adults presenting with ABM; 29 (93.5%) received ceftriaxone or cefotaxime in the emergency department. Indications for corticosteroids and brain imaging complied with guidelines in respectively 71.0% and 83.9% of cases. The median delays (IQR) were: admission/lumbar puncture (LP), 2h43 [1h09-5h57]; admission/antimicrobials, 3h21 [1h34-5h11]. The indication of suspected ABM in the admission letter was associated with earlier LP (P=0.01), and was almost significantly associated also with faster initiation of adequate antibiotic therapy (P=0.05). Suspicion of ABM mentioned in the admission letter was associated to a better management in the emergency department.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01133849
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Submitted on : Friday, March 20, 2015 - 3:01:04 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 6, 2019 - 10:18:02 AM

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C Delangle, J Bouget, M Vérin, A Bellou, C Buscail, et al.. Méningites bactériennes : facteurs associés au délai d’instauration d’une antibiothérapie adaptée aux urgences [Bacterial meningitis: factors related to the delay before appropriate antibiotic administration in the emergency department].. Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses, Elsevier Masson, 2013, 43 (6), pp.244-7. ⟨10.1016/j.medmal.2013.05.009⟩. ⟨hal-01133849⟩

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