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Evidence for a vasomotor cyclo-oxygenase dependent mechanism of sensitization at the cutaneous level.

Abstract : Current-induced vasodilation (CIV) is an axon-reflex response observed during monopolar current application such as iontophoresis. Cyclo-oxygenase derivates (COD) participate in CIV and act as sensitizing agents at the anodal level. Mechanisms involved during cathodal current application (CCA) are partially unknown. In a randomized double blinded crossover trial, we tested in sixteen healthy subjects (i) the influence of the inter-stimulation interval (I-I) by comparing CIV following all-at-once 10 s CCA against 2x5 s CCA with intervals ranging [15 s-16 min], (ii) the participation of COD in CIV using 1 g aspirin or placebo intake. Measurements were repeated 2 h and 14 days after treatment. Laser Doppler flowmetry assessed cutaneous blood flow, reported in multiple of baseline. Before treatment, peak vasodilation 10 min after the last current application (CVCstim2 ) increased compared to baseline whatever the I-I. Increase in CVCstim2 from baseline was greater for the 4 min (9.4 (5.3, 10.9) times; median (1rst percentile, 3(rd) percentile)) and higher I-Is compared to all-at-once delivery (3.0 (2.1, 4.3) times, p < 0.05). The response was similar after placebo but aspirin abolished this vasodilation (increase by 1.2 (1.1, 1.3) times for all-at-once delivery and by 1.5 (1.3, 1.7) ± 0.3 times for 4 min interval, 2 h after aspirin intake) that was recovered after 14 days. This confirms the participation of COD in CIV with CCA and their sensitizing action. This model can represent an attractive way to study the axon-reflex and sensitizing function of COD in humans.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 29, 2015 - 4:13:40 PM
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Guillaume Mahé, Pierre Abraham, Anne Humeau-Heurtier, Lydie Gascoin, Georges Lefthériotis, et al.. Evidence for a vasomotor cyclo-oxygenase dependent mechanism of sensitization at the cutaneous level.. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Wiley, 2015, 80 (2), pp.185-192. ⟨10.1111/bcp.12623⟩. ⟨hal-01134234⟩

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