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Beyond Stereoselectivity, Switchable Catalysis: Some of the Last Frontier Challenges in Ring-Opening Polymerization of Cyclic Esters

Abstract : Metal-based catalysts and initiators have played a pivotal role in the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic esters, thanks to their high activity and remarkable ability to control precisely the architectures of the resulting polyesters in terms of molar mass, dispersity, microstructure, or tacticity. Today, after two decades of extensive research, the field is slowly reaching maturity. However, several challenges remain, while original concepts have emerged around new types or new applications of catalysis. This Review is not intended to comprehensively cover all of these aspects. Rather, it provides a personal overview of the very recent progress achieved in some selected, important aspects of ROP catalysis-stereocontrol and switchable catalysis. Hence, the first part addresses the development of new metal-based catalysts for the isoselective ROP of racemic lactide towards stereoblock copolymers, and the use of syndioselective ROP metal catalysts to control the monomer sequence in copolymers. A second part covers the development of ROP catalysts-primarily metal-based catalysts, but also organocatalysts-that can be externally regulated by the use of chemical or photo stimuli to switch them between two states with different catalytic abilities. Current challenges and opportunities are highlighted.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01139818
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 7, 2015 - 10:21:00 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 2:07:17 PM

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Sophie M. Guillaume, Evgueni Kirillov, Yann Sarazin, Jean-François Carpentier. Beyond Stereoselectivity, Switchable Catalysis: Some of the Last Frontier Challenges in Ring-Opening Polymerization of Cyclic Esters. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2015, 21 (22), pp.7988 - 8003. ⟨10.1002/chem.201500613⟩. ⟨hal-01139818⟩

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