Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Empirically simulated spatial sorting points at fast epigenetic changes in dispersal behaviour

Abstract : During range expansion, the most dispersive individuals make up the range front, and assortative mating between these dispersive phenotypes leads to increased dispersiveness (i.e. spatial sorting). The precise inheritance of dispersal, however, is to date largely unknown in many organisms, thereby hampering any progress in evaluating the adaptive potential of species during range expansion. Using the spider mite Tetranychus urticae, we therefore empirically simulated spatial sorting by means of artificial selection on a unique pre-dispersal behaviour, tightly related to emigration. To separate directionality of the response from potential drift, we mimicked a recurrent low number of founders in replicated selection regimes. Afterwards, we inferred the mode of inheritance of the predispersal behaviour by performing reciprocal crosses between selected (i.e. dispersive) and non-selected (i.e. non-dispersive) mites and by screening for endosymbionts known to be associated with changes in dispersal behaviour. Despite the recurrent low number of founders, the aerial dispersal behaviour responded strongly to the imposed selection pressure. The behaviour furthermore showed a maternal inheritance, though independent of any known dispersal-related endosymbionts. Though cytoplasmic inheritance cannot fully be excluded, we attribute the observed strong and rapid, maternally influenced response in dispersal to transgenerational epigenetic effects. Consequently, we can expect fast evolutionary dynamics during range expansion in the species.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [30 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : Muriel Cadieu Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 19, 2015 - 10:16:26 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 3:43:54 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 15, 2015 - 6:08:50 AM


Epigenetic inheritance of aeri...
Files produced by the author(s)



Katrien Hilde Petra van Petegem, Julien Pétillon, D Renault, Nicky Wybouw, Thomas van Leeuwen, et al.. Empirically simulated spatial sorting points at fast epigenetic changes in dispersal behaviour. Evolutionary Ecology, Springer Verlag, 2015, 29 (2), pp.299-310. ⟨10.1007/s10682-015-9756-9⟩. ⟨hal-01142665⟩



Record views


Files downloads