M. Kairaluoma and I. Kellokumpu, Epidemiologic Aspects of Complete Rectal Prolapse, Scandinavian Journal of Surgery, vol.36, issue.3
DOI : 10.1007/BF02050307

E. Marderstein and C. Delaney, Surgical management of rectal prolapse, Nature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology & Hepatology, vol.173, issue.10, pp.552-561, 2007.
DOI : 10.1038/ncpgasthep0952

L. Siproudhis, M. Eleouet, and A. Rouselle, Overt Rectal Prolapse and Fecal Incontinence, Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, vol.51, issue.9, pp.1356-1360, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s10350-008-9353-x

D. Cunin, L. Siproudhis, and V. Desfourneaux, No Surgery for Full-Thickness Rectal Prolapse: What Happens with Continence?, World Journal of Surgery, vol.29, issue.6, pp.1297-1302, 2013.
DOI : 10.1007/s00268-013-1967-z

S. Brown, H. Wadhawan, and R. Nelson, Surgery for faecal incontinence in adults

C. Samaranayake, C. Luo, and A. Plank, Systematic review on ventral rectopexy for rectal prolapse and intussusception, Colorectal Disease, vol.8, issue.Suppl. 2, pp.504-512, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2009.01934.x

P. Boons, R. Collinson, C. Cunningham, and I. Lindsey, Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy for external rectal prolapse improves constipation and avoids de novo constipation, Colorectal Disease, vol.10, issue.Suppl., pp.526-532, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2009.01859.x

J. Loygue, N. Nordlinger, and O. Cunci, Rectopexy to the promontory for the treatment of rectal prolapse, Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, vol.27, issue.6, pp.356-359, 1984.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02552998

K. Davis, D. Kumar, S. Stanton, R. Thakar, M. Fynes et al., Symptoms and anal sphincter morphology following primary repair of third-degree tears, British Journal of Surgery, vol.67, issue.12, pp.1573-1579, 2003.
DOI : 10.1002/bjs.4349

D. Cunin, L. Siproudhis, and V. Desfourneaux, Incontinence in full-thickness rectal prolapse: low level of improvement after laparoscopic rectopexy, Colorectal Disease, vol.54, issue.4, pp.470-476, 2013.
DOI : 10.1111/codi.12027

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00841783

B. Abendstein, P. Petros, P. Richardson, K. Goeschen, and D. Dodero, The surgical anatomy of rectocele and anterior rectal wall intussusception, International Urogynecology Journal, vol.69, issue.153, pp.705-710, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s00192-007-0513-7

C. Favreau, L. Siproudhis, M. Eleouet, G. Bouguen, and J. Bretagne, Underlying functional bowel disorder may explain patient dissatisfaction after haemorrhoidal surgery, Colorectal Disease, vol.168, issue.3, pp.356-361, 2012.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2011.02612.x

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00865593

B. Palmer, W. Lockey, R. Palmer, and E. Kulinskaya, Improvement in irritable bowel syndrome following ano-rectal surgery, International Journal of Colorectal Disease, vol.17, issue.6, pp.402-411, 2002.
DOI : 10.1007/s00384-001-0389-9

J. Jorge and S. Wexner, Etiology and management of fecal incontinence, Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, vol.36, issue.1, pp.77-97, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02050307

C. Knowles, A. Eccersley, S. Scott, S. Walker, B. Reeves et al., Linear discriminant analysis of symptoms in patients with chronic constipation, Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, vol.43, issue.10, pp.1419-1426, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02236639

E. Rullier, F. Zerbib, A. Marrel, M. Amouretti, and P. Lehur, Validation of the French version of the Fecal Incontinence Quality-of-Life (FIQL) scale, Gastroent??rologie Clinique et Biologique, vol.28, issue.6-7, pp.562-570, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0399-8320(04)95012-9

E. Eypasch, J. William, and S. Wood-dauphinee, Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index: Development, validation and application of a new instrument, British Journal of Surgery, vol.340, issue.2, pp.216-222, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/bjs.1800820229

J. Uebersax, J. Wyman, S. Shumaker, D. Mcclish, and J. Fantl, Short forms to assess life quality and symptom distress for urinary incontinence in women: The incontinence impact questionnaire and the urogenital distress inventory, Neurourology and Urodynamics, vol.70, issue.2, pp.131-139, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/nau.1930140206

G. Amarenco, P. Marquis, A. Leriche, F. Richard, F. Zerbib et al., Une ??chelle sp??cifique d'??valuation de la perturbation de la qualit?? de vie au cours des troubles mictionnels: l'??chelle Ditrovie, Annales de R??adaptation et de M??decine Physique, vol.40, issue.1, pp.21-26, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-6054(97)85882-5

L. Siproudhis, A. Ropert, and J. Lucas, Defecatory disorders, anorectal and pelvic floor dysfunction: a polygamy?, International Journal of Colorectal Disease, vol.4, issue.2, pp.102-107, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00341295

P. Shorvon, S. Mchugh, N. Diamant, S. Somers, and G. Stevenson, Defecography in normal volunteers: results and implications., Gut, vol.30, issue.12, pp.1737-1749, 1989.
DOI : 10.1136/gut.30.12.1737

S. Halligan, C. Bartram, C. Hall, and J. Wingate, Enterocele revealed by simultaneous evacuation proctography and peritoneography: does "defecation block" exist?, American Journal of Roentgenology, vol.167, issue.2, pp.461-466, 1996.
DOI : 10.2214/ajr.167.2.8686626

P. Lehur and A. Leroi, Anal incontinence in adults. Guidelines for clinical practice

V. Vitton, Treatments of faecal incontinence: recommendations from the French National Society of Coloproctology, Colorectal Disease, vol.46, issue.3 Suppl, pp.159-166, 2014.
DOI : 10.1111/codi.12410

D. Hoore, A. Pennickx, and F. , Laparoscopic ventral recto(colpo)pexy for rectal prolapse: surgical technique and outcome of 109 patients, Surg endosc, vol.20, pp.1919-1923, 2006.

L. Siproudhis, E. Bellissant, and F. Juguet, Rectal adaptation to distension in patients with overt rectal prolapse, British Journal of Surgery, vol.71, issue.11, pp.1527-1532, 1998.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2168.1998.00912.x