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Safety of recombinant factor VIIa in patients under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: To address the safety (rate of thromboembolic events and circuit complications) and efficacy (rate of bleeding control) of recombinant activated coagulation factor VII (rFVIIa) to treat severe bleeding refractory to all surgical and medical treatments in patients under veno-arterial (VA) or veno-venous (VV) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. METHODS: In a tertiary referral University Cardiothoracic Surgery Centre including three intensive care units, 30 patients received the rFVIIa during ongoing VA or VV ECMO support (8.6% of ECMO activity from 2005 to 2014; N = 347). Early and late clinical results were analysed (retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data). In a substudy, a case-matching procedure was performed among ECMO patients who received (Group A) or did not receive (Group B) rFVIIa treatment. RESULTS: The mediastinum was the most common site of refractory bleeding (after heart transplantation or other cardiac surgery; 90%); 90% (n = 27) of patients were on VA ECMO and the remainder on VV ECMO. The survival rate at ECMO explantation and at the 30th post-implantation day was 67 and 50%, respectively. The final efficacy rate of rFVIIa in stopping bleeding was 93.3%. The rate of thromboembolic events was 3.3% (1 case) and the rate of circuit change was 16.7% (without instances of overt circuit clotting). After case-matching, Group A comprised 23 patients and Group B included 43 patients. No statistically significant differences were observed among groups in terms of thromboembolic events (P = 0.99), circuit change, ventilation time (P = 0.71), infectious complications (P = 06) and survival at both ECMO explantation and the 30th post-implantation day. Late survival was comparable (Kaplan-Meier analysis; P = 0.42). CONCLUSIONS: In case of life-threatening bleeding refractory to all conventional therapies, rFVIIa presents an acceptable safety profile in patients under ECMO support. No circuit dysfunctions and limited rates of thromboembolism are observed.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01146932
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 29, 2015 - 1:43:45 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 6, 2020 - 4:11:05 PM

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Amedeo Anselmi, Patrick Guinet, Vito Giovanni Ruggieri, Marie Aymami, Bernard Lelong, et al.. Safety of recombinant factor VIIa in patients under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2016, 49 (1), pp.78-84. ⟨10.1093/ejcts/ezv140⟩. ⟨hal-01146932⟩

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