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Results of a multinational study suggests rapid diagnosis and early onset of antiviral treatment in herpetic meningoencephalitis

Abstract : Data in the literature regarding the factors that predict unfavorable outcomes in adult herpetic meningoencephalitis (HME) cases are scarce. We conducted a multicenter study in order to provide insights into the predictors of HME outcomes, with special emphasis on the use and timing of antiviral treatment. Samples from 501 patients with molecular confirmation from cerebrospinal fluid were included from 35 referral centers in 10 countries. Four hundred thirty-eight patients were found to be eligible for the analysis. Overall, 232 (52.9%) patients experienced unfavorable outcomes, 44 died, and 188 survived, with sequelae. Age (odds ratio [OR], 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02 to 1.05), Glasgow Coma Scale score (OR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.77 to 0.93), and symptomatic periods of 2 to 7 days (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.16 to 2.79) and >7 days (OR, 3.75; 95% CI, 1.72 to 8.15) until the commencement of treatment predicted unfavorable outcomes. The outcome in HME patients is related to a combination of therapeutic and host factors. This study suggests that rapid diagnosis and early administration of antiviral treatment in HME patients are keys to a favorable outcome.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01147274
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 30, 2015 - 9:51:35 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - 3:18:42 PM

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Hakan Erdem, Yasemin Cag, Derya Ozturk-Engin, Sylviane Defres, Selcuk Kaya, et al.. Results of a multinational study suggests rapid diagnosis and early onset of antiviral treatment in herpetic meningoencephalitis. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, American Society for Microbiology, 2015, 59 (6), pp.3084-3089. ⟨10.1128/AAC.05016-14⟩. ⟨hal-01147274⟩

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