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Shell midden research in Atlantic Europe: State of the art, research problems and perspectives for the future

Abstract : The formation of shell middens by hunter-gatherers and research into them has been a common field of study in different parts of Atlantic Europe. Although evidence of marine resource exploitation has been identified since the Middle Palaeolithic, and an increase can be seen during the Upper Palaeolithic, it is during the Mesolithic when true shell middens have been identified, apparently showing an increase in the exploitation of coastal areas. This paper summarizes the available information about the formation of shell middens and the exploitation of the coast in several regions of Atlantic Europe, and discusses the main research problems, as the differences in availability of information, the definition and characteristics of shell middens, the relation between shell middens and molluscan exploitation and the problems regarding the chronology of the sites. Finally, the paper proposes the main approaches that should be pursued by future research into this topic. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01147557
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 30, 2015 - 3:54:44 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 6, 2020 - 5:09:52 PM

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Igor Gutierrez-Zugasti, Soren H. Andersen, Ana C. Araujo, Catherine Dupont, Nicky Milner, et al.. Shell midden research in Atlantic Europe: State of the art, research problems and perspectives for the future. Quaternary International, Elsevier, 2011, 239, pp.70-85. ⟨10.1016/j.quaint.2011.02.031⟩. ⟨hal-01147557⟩

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