]. B. Klaue and J. D. Blum, Trace Analyses of Arsenic in Drinking Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry:?? High Resolution versus Hydride Generation, Analytical Chemistry, vol.71, issue.7, pp.1408-1414, 1999.
DOI : 10.1021/ac980846+

]. D. Arrigan, Tutorial review. Voltammetric determination of trace metals and organics after accumulation at modified electrodes, The Analyst, vol.119, issue.9, pp.1953-1966, 1994.
DOI : 10.1039/an9941901953

]. S. Ramezani, M. Ghobadi, and B. N. Bideh, Voltammetric monitoring of Cd (II) by nano-TiO2 modified carbon paste electrode sensitized using 1,2-bis-[o-aminophenyl thio] ethane as a new ion receptor, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol.192, issue.4, pp.648-657, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.snb.2013.11.033

]. D. Arrigan, G. Svehla, S. J. Harris, and M. A. Mckervey, Use of calixarenes as modifiers of carbon paste electrodes for voltammetric analysis, Electroanalysis, vol.327, issue.2, pp.97-106, 1994.
DOI : 10.1002/elan.1140060205

]. K. Honeychurch, J. P. Hart, D. C. Cowell, and D. W. Arrigan, Voltammetric Behavior and Trace Determination of Cadmium at a Calixarene Modified Screen-Printed Carbon Electrode, Electroanalysis, vol.14, issue.3, pp.177-185, 2002.
DOI : 10.1002/1521-4109(200202)14:3<177::AID-ELAN177>3.0.CO;2-V

]. G. Liu, Q. T. Nguyen, E. Chow, T. Bocking, D. B. Hibbert et al., Study of Factors Affecting the Performance of Voltammetric Copper Sensors Based on Gly-Gly-His Modified Glassy Carbon and Gold Electrodes, Electroanalysis, vol.203, issue.12, pp.1141-1151, 2006.
DOI : 10.1002/elan.200603546

R. Nasraoui, D. Floner, and F. Geneste, Analytical performances of a flow electrochemical sensor for preconcentration and stripping voltammetry of metal ions, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol.629, issue.1-2, pp.30-34, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jelechem.2009.01.024

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00411111

R. Nasraoui, D. Floner, and F. Geneste, Improvement in performance of a flow electrochemical sensor by using carbamoyl-arms polyazamacrocycle for the preconcentration of lead ions onto the electrode, Electrochemistry Communications, vol.12, issue.1, pp.98-100, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.elecom.2009.10.045

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00448811

F. Bettazzi, C. Giorgi, S. Laschi, and I. Palchetti, Dipyridine-Containing Macrocyclic Polyamine - Nafion-Modified Screen-Printed Carbon Electrode for Voltammetric Detection of Lead, Electroanalysis, vol.75, issue.3, pp.591-599, 2012.
DOI : 10.1002/elan.201100581

M. M. Musameh, D. Klink, J. Choi, Y. B. Truong, and I. L. Kyratzis, Electrochemical Detection of Metals Using Thick Nanofibrous Nafion Web Modified Electrodes, Electroanalysis, vol.13, issue.5, pp.1207-1211, 2012.
DOI : 10.1002/elan.201100689

L. Chen, Z. Li, Y. Meng, P. Zhang, Z. Su et al., Sensitive square wave anodic stripping voltammetric determination of Cd2+ and Pb2+ ions at Bi/Nafion/overoxidized 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate-tethered polypyrrole/glassy carbon electrode, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol.191, pp.94-101, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.snb.2013.09.084

R. G. Bouwe, I. K. Tonle, S. Letaief, E. Ngameni, and C. Detellier, Structural characterisation of 1,10-phenanthroline???montmorillonite intercalation compounds and their application as low-cost electrochemical sensors for Pb(II) detection at the sub-nanomolar level, Applied Clay Science, vol.52, issue.3, pp.258-265, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clay.2011.02.028

I. K. Tonlé, S. Letaief, E. Ngameni, A. Walcarius, and C. Detellier, Square Wave Voltammetric Determination of Lead(II) Ions Using a Carbon Paste Electrode Modified by a Thiol-Functionalized Kaolinite, Electroanalysis, vol.327, issue.1, pp.245-252, 2011.
DOI : 10.1002/elan.201000467

A. Afkhami, F. Soltani-felehgari, T. Madrakian, H. Ghaedi, and M. Rezaeivala, Fabrication and application of a new modified electrochemical sensor using nano-silica and a newly synthesized Schiff base for simultaneous determination of Cd2+, Cu2+ and Hg2+ ions in water and some foodstuff samples, Analytica Chimica Acta, vol.771, pp.21-30, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.aca.2013.02.031

S. Morante-zarcero, A. Sánchez, M. Fajardo, I. Del-hierro, and I. Sierra, Voltammetric analysis of Pb(II) in natural waters using a carbon paste electrode modified with 5-mercapto-1-methyltetrazol grafted on hexagonal mesoporous silica, Microchimica Acta, vol.165, issue.1-2, pp.57-64, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/s00604-009-0287-3

A. Sanchez, S. Morante-zarcero, D. Perez-quintanilla, I. Sierra, and I. Hierro, Determination of Hg(II) in natural waters using a carbon paste electrode modified with hybrid mesostructured silica nanoparticles, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol.163, issue.1, pp.38-43, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.snb.2011.12.042

A. Sanchez and A. Walcarius, Surfactant-templated sol???gel silica thin films bearing 5-mercapto-1-methyl-tetrazole on carbon electrode for Hg(II) detection, Electrochimica Acta, vol.55, issue.13, pp.4201-4207, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.electacta.2010.02.016

G. Herzog, N. A. Vodolazkaya, and A. Walcarius, Platinum Ultramicroelectrodes Modified with Electrogenerated Surfactant-Templated Mesoporous Organosilica Films: Effect of Film Formation Conditions on Its Performance in Preconcentration Electroanalysis, Electroanalysis, vol.97, issue.45, pp.2595-2603, 2013.
DOI : 10.1002/elan.201300415

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01505610

G. Buica, E. Ungureanu, L. Birzan, A. C. Razus, and M. Bujduveanu, Films of poly(4-azulen-1-yl-2,6-bis(2-thienyl)pyridine) for heavy metal ions complexation, Electrochimica Acta, vol.56, issue.14, pp.5028-5036, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.electacta.2011.03.096

E. Pereira, B. L. Rivas, M. Heitzman, J. Moutet, C. Bucher et al., Complexing Polymer Films in The Preparation of Modified Electrodes for Detection of Metal Ions, Macromolecular Symposia, vol.21, issue.1, pp.115-125, 2011.
DOI : 10.1002/masy.201150616

G. K. Raghu, S. Sampath, and M. Pandurangappa, Chemically functionalized glassy carbon spheres: a new covalent bulk modified composite electrode for the simultaneous determination of lead and cadmium, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol.11, issue.5, pp.1953-1963, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/s10008-011-1595-1

R. G. Kempegowda and P. Malingappa, Diazonium functionalized exfoliated graphitic carbon as a binderless and covalently modified electrochemical interface for mercury sensing, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol.186, pp.478-485, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.snb.2013.06.028

B. S. Flavel, M. Nambiar, and J. G. Shapter, Electrochemical Detection of Copper Using a Gly-Gly-His Modified Carbon Nanotube Biosensor, Silicon, vol.94, issue.142, pp.163-171, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s12633-011-9080-0

R. Nasraoui, D. Floner, C. Paul-roth, and F. Geneste, Flow electroanalytical system based on cyclam-modified graphite felt electrodes for lead detection, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol.638, issue.1, pp.9-14, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jelechem.2009.10.028

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00448808

A. Sánchez, S. Morante-zarcero, D. Pérez-quintanilla, I. Del-hierro, and I. Sierra, A comparative study on carbon paste electrodes modified with hybrid mesoporous materials for voltammetric analysis of lead (II), Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol.689, pp.76-82, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jelechem.2012.10.026

B. Feier, D. Floner, C. Cristea, E. Bodoki, R. Sandulescu et al., Flow electrochemical analyses of zinc by stripping voltammetry on graphite felt electrode, Talanta, vol.98, pp.152-156, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.talanta.2012.06.063

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00843830

D. Bélanger and J. Pinson, Electrografting: a powerful method for surface modification, Chemical Society Reviews, vol.31, issue.551, pp.3995-4048, 2011.
DOI : 10.1021/la104125n

R. Nasraoui, J. Bergamini, S. Ababou-girard, and F. Geneste, Sequential anodic oxidations of aliphatic amines in aqueous medium on pyrolyzed photoresist film surfaces for the covalent immobilization of cyclam derivatives, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol.37, issue.1, pp.139-146, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s10008-010-1075-z

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00615257

S. Goubert-renaudin, M. Etienne, Y. Rousselin, F. Denat, B. Lebeau et al., Cyclam-Functionalized Silica-Modified Electrodes for Selective Determination of Cu(II), Electroanalysis, vol.15, issue.3-5, pp.280-289, 2009.
DOI : 10.1002/elan.200804378

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00458565

C. Bourdillon, Immobilization of glucose oxidase on a carbon surface derivatized by electrochemical reduction of diazonium salts, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol.336, issue.1-2, pp.113-123, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-0728(92)80266-7

F. Geneste, M. Cadoret, C. Moinet, and G. , Cyclic voltammetry and XPS analyses of graphite felt derivatized by non-Kolbe reactions in aqueous media, New Journal of Chemistry, vol.26, issue.9, pp.1261-1266, 2002.
DOI : 10.1039/b203542a

R. Marion, G. Muthusamy, and F. Geneste, Continuous flow catalysis with a biomimetic copper(II) complex covalently immobilized on graphite felt, Journal of Catalysis, vol.286, pp.266-272, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jcat.2011.11.011

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00842808

A. Tressaud, E. Durand, and C. Labrugère, Surface modification of several carbon-based materials: comparison between CF4 rf plasma and direct F2-gas fluorination routes, Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, vol.125, issue.11, pp.1639-1648, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jfluchem.2004.09.022

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00156373

L. Jiang, R. Cheung, R. Brown, and A. Mount, Inductively coupled plasma etching of SiC in SF6/O2 and etch-induced surface chemical bonding modifications, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.93, issue.3, pp.1376-1383, 2003.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1534908

D. Claves, Spectroscopic study of fluorinated carbon nanostructures, New Journal of Chemistry, vol.108, issue.15, pp.2477-2482, 2011.
DOI : 10.1039/c1nj20239a

Y. Sato, K. Itoh, R. Hagiwara, T. Fukunaga, and Y. Ito, On the so-called ???semi-ionic??? C???F bond character in fluorine???GIC, Carbon, vol.42, issue.15, pp.3243-3249, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.carbon.2004.08.012

H. Touhara and F. Okino, Property control of carbon materials by fluorination, Carbon, vol.38, issue.2, pp.241-268, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0008-6223(99)00140-2

A. Tressaud, F. Moguet, S. Flandrois, M. Chambon, C. Guimon et al., On the nature of C???F bonds in various fluorinated carbon materials: XPS and TEM investigations, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol.57, issue.6-8, pp.745-751, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3697(96)00343-5