L. Peyrin-biroulet, E. Loftus, . Jr, and J. Colombel, The Natural History of Adult Crohn's Disease in Population-Based Cohorts, The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol.132, issue.2, pp.289-97, 2010.
DOI : 10.1053/j.gastro.2008.09.053

B. Pariente, J. Cosnes, and S. Danese, Development of the Crohn??s disease digestive damage score, the L??mann score, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, vol.17, issue.6, pp.1415-1437, 2011.
DOI : 10.1002/ibd.21506

F. Rieder, E. Zimmermann, and F. Remzi, Crohn's disease complicated by strictures: a systematic review, Gut, vol.3, issue.Suppl. 8, pp.1072-84, 2013.
DOI : 10.1136/gutjnl-2012-304353

K. Thia, W. Sandborn, and W. Harmsen, Risk Factors Associated With Progression to Intestinal Complications of Crohn's Disease in a Population-Based Cohort, Gastroenterology, vol.139, issue.4, pp.1147-55, 2010.
DOI : 10.1053/j.gastro.2010.06.070

J. Torres, V. Billioud, and D. Sachar, Ulcerative Colitis as A Progressive Disease: The Forgotten Evidence, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, vol.18, issue.7, pp.1356-63, 2012.
DOI : 10.1002/ibd.22839

M. Yamagata, T. Mikami, and T. Tsuruta, Submucosal Fibrosis and Basic-Fibroblast Growth Factor-Positive Neutrophils Correlate with Colonic Stenosis in Cases of Ulcerative Colitis, Digestion, vol.84, issue.1, pp.12-21, 2011.
DOI : 10.1159/000320773

B. Lashner, B. Turner, and D. Bostwick, Dysplasia and cancer complicating strictures in ulcerative colitis, Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol.76, issue.3, pp.349-52, 1990.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01537413

V. Gumaste, D. Sachar, and A. Greenstein, Benign and malignant colorectal strictures in ulcerative colitis., Gut, vol.33, issue.7, pp.938-979, 1992.
DOI : 10.1136/gut.33.7.938

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1379408

D. Dombal, F. Watts, J. Watkinson, and G. , Local Complications of Ulcerative Colitis: Stricture, Pseudopolyposis, and Carcinoma of Colon and Rectum, BMJ, vol.1, issue.5501, pp.1442-1449, 1966.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.1.5501.1442

M. Rutter, B. Saunders, and K. Wilkinson, Cancer surveillance in longstanding ulcerative colitis: endoscopic appearances help predict cancer risk, Gut, vol.53, issue.12, pp.1813-1819, 2004.
DOI : 10.1136/gut.2003.038505

S. Warren and S. Sommers, Pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis, Am J Pathol, vol.25, pp.657-79, 1949.

Y. Yamazaki, M. Ribeiro, and D. Sachar, Malignant colorectal strictures in Crohn's disease, Am J Gastroenterol, vol.86, pp.882-887, 1991.

H. Goldberg, S. Caruthers, . Jr, and J. Nelson, Radiographic findings of the National Cooperative Crohn's Disease Study, Gastroenterology, vol.77, pp.925-962, 1979.

R. Hunt, R. Teague, and E. Swarbrick, Colonoscopy in management of colonic strictures., BMJ, vol.3, issue.5979, pp.360-361, 1975.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.3.5979.360

M. Silverberg, J. Satsangi, and T. Ahmad, Toward an integrated clinical, molecular and serological classification of inflammatory bowel disease: report of a Working Party of the, Montreal World Congress of Gastroenterology, 2005.

A. Dignass, G. Van-assche, and J. Lindsay, The second European evidence-based Consensus on the diagnosis and management of Crohn's disease: Current management, Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, vol.4, issue.1, pp.28-62, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.crohns.2009.12.002

A. Dignass, J. Lindsay, and A. Sturm, Second European evidence-based consensus on the diagnosis and management of ulcerative colitis Part 2: Current management, Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, vol.6, issue.10, pp.991-1030, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.crohns.2012.09.002

G. Van-assche, A. Dignass, and B. Bokemeyer, Second European evidence-based consensus on the diagnosis and management of ulcerative colitis Part 3: Special situations, Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, vol.7, issue.1, pp.1-33, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.crohns.2012.09.005

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00742589

R. Kiran, P. Nisar, and J. Goldblum, Dysplasia Associated With Crohn??s Colitis, Annals of Surgery, vol.256, issue.2, pp.221-227, 2012.
DOI : 10.1097/SLA.0b013e31825f0709

E. Maser, D. Sachar, and D. Kruse, High rates of metachronous colon cancer or dysplasia after segmental resection or subtotal colectomy in Crohn's colitis, Inflamm Bowel Dis, vol.19, pp.1827-1859, 2013.