Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Incidence of Herpes Zoster in HIV-Infected Adults in the Combined Antiretroviral Treatment (cART) Era: Results from the FHDH-ANRS CO4 Cohort

Abstract : Background: Recent studies have shown a decrease in the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) among HIV-infected patients since the cART era, but more data are needed on a possible increase in the risk early after cART initiation. Methods: We studied the HZ incidence and risk factors among patients followed in the French Hospital Database on HIV (FHDH) between 1992 and 2011. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were used for comparison with the general population between 2005 and 2008. The risk of HZ following cART initiation (0-6, ≥6 months) was studied with Poisson regression models. Results: 7167 cases of incident HZ were diagnosed among 91 044 individuals (583 125 person-years). The incidence declined significantly from 2955 per 100 000 person-years in 1992-1996 to 628 in 2009-2011. This decline was mainly explained by cART (RR=0.60; 95%CI, 0.57-0.64). The risk of HZ was associated with low CD4 cell counts, high HIV-RNA levels, low CD4/CD8 ratios and prior AIDS. Compared to the general population, the risk of HZ was higher in HIV-infected patients (overall SIR=2.7; 95%CI, 2.6-2.9), particularly between ages 15 and 45 years (SIR=4-6). In ART-naive patients a moderate increase in the HZ risk was observed during the first 6 months of cART, with a peak at 3 months (RR=1.47 95%CI, 1.26-1.73) a finding that disappeared after adjustment for the current CD4 cell count (RR=1.03; 95%CI, 0.81-1.32). Conclusions: The risk of HZ has declined markedly among HIV-infected patients in the cART era but remains 3 times higher than in the general population. The risk increases moderately during the first 6 months of cART.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01155453
Contributor : Muriel Cadieu <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2015 - 4:52:03 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:17:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 15, 2015 - 6:55:13 AM

Identifiers

Citation

Sophie Grabar, Pierre Tattevin, Hana Selinger-Leneman, Arnaud De La Blanchardiere, Pierre de Truchis, et al.. Incidence of Herpes Zoster in HIV-Infected Adults in the Combined Antiretroviral Treatment (cART) Era: Results from the FHDH-ANRS CO4 Cohort. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2015, 60 (8), pp.1269-1277. ⟨10.1093/cid/ciu1161⟩. ⟨hal-01155453⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

840

Files downloads

874