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Endurance training and insulin therapy need to be associated to fully exert their respective beneficial effects on oxidant stress and glycemic regulation in diabetic rats.

Abstract : Abstract In type 1 diabetic subjects, hyperglycemia-induced oxidant stress (OS) plays a central role in the onset and development of diabetes complications. This study aimed to assess the benefits of an endurance training program and insulin therapy, alone or in combination, on the glycemic regulation, markers for OSand antioxidant system in diabetic rats. Forty male Wistar rats were divided into diabetic (D), insulin-treated diabetic (D-Ins), diabetic trained (D-Tr), or insulin-treated diabetic trained (D-Ins+ Tr) groups. An additional healthy group served as control group. Insulin therapy (Lantus, insulin glargine, Sanofi) and endurance training (a treadmill run of 60 min/day, 25 m/min, 5 days/week) were initiated 1 week after streptozotocin-induced diabetes (45 mg/kg) and lasted for 8 weeks. At the end of the protocol, blood glucose and fructosamine levels, markers for skeletal muscle OS (CML, isoprostanes, GSH/GSSG) and antioxidant system (SOD and GPx activity, ORAC) were assessed. In diabetic rats, the glycemic control was altered and OS marker levels were increased, while the antioxidant system activity remained unchanged. Insulin treatment improved the glycemic regulation, the pro-antioxidant statusand contributed to the reduction of OS marker levels. Endurance training decreased OS marker levels without improving the antioxidant enzyme activity. Endurance training and insulin therapy acted independently (by different ways), but their association prolonged the insulin action and allowed a better adaptation of the antioxidant system. To conclude, our results demonstrate that combination of insulin treatment and endurance training leads to greater benefits on the glycemic regulation and oxidant status.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01159345
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 3, 2015 - 11:12:10 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 23, 2020 - 9:24:08 AM

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Ludivine Malardé, Arlette Gratas-Delamarche, S Le Douairon-Lahaye, Ms Zguira, S Vincent, et al.. Endurance training and insulin therapy need to be associated to fully exert their respective beneficial effects on oxidant stress and glycemic regulation in diabetic rats.. Free Radic Res., 2014, 48 (4), pp.412-419. ⟨10.3109/10715762.2014.880428⟩. ⟨hal-01159345⟩

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