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Concentration and determinants of molds and allergens in indoor air and house dust of French dwellings

Abstract : Molds and allergens are common indoor biocontaminants. The aims of this study were to assess the concentrations of common molds in indoor air and floor dust and the concentrations of house dust mite, cat and dog allergens in mattress dust in French dwellings, and to assess predictors of these concentrations. A sample of 150 houses in Brittany (western France) was investigated. Airborne Cladosporium and Penicillium were detected in more than 90% of the dwellings, Aspergillus in 46% and Alternaria in only 6% of the housings. Regarding floor dust samples, Cladosporium and Penicillium were detected in 92 and 80% of the housings respectively, Aspergillus in 49% and Alternaria in 14%. House dust mite allergens Der p1 and Der f1 were detected in 90% and 77% of the mattress dust samples respectively and Can f1 and Fel d1 in 37% and 89% of the homes. Airborne and dustborne mold concentrations, although not statistically correlated (except for Aspergillus) shared most of their predictors. Multivariate linear models for mold levels, explaining up to 62% of the variability, showed an influence of the season, of the age of the dwelling, of aeration habits, presence of pets, smoking, signals of dampness, temperature and relative humidity. Allergens in the dust of the mattress were strongly related to the presence of pets and cleaning practices of bedsheets, these factors accounting for 60% of the variability. This study highlights ubiquitous contamination by molds and underlines complex interaction between outdoor and indoor sources and factors
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 23, 2015 - 5:24:29 PM
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Arnaud Dallongeville, Pierre Le Cann, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Cécile Chevrier, Nathalie Costet, et al.. Concentration and determinants of molds and allergens in indoor air and house dust of French dwellings. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2015, 536, pp.964-972. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.06.039⟩. ⟨hal-01165440⟩



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