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IL-1β production is dependent of the activation of purinergic receptors and NLRP3 pathway in human macrophages

Abstract : The Nod-like receptor family protein 3 (NLRP3)-inflammasome pathway is known to be activated by danger signals such as monosodium urate (MSU). We investigated the role of P2 purinergic receptors in the activation of NLRP3-inflammasome pathway after MSU treatment of primary human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs). After initial stimulation with a low concentration of LPS (0.1 µg/ml), a 6 h treatment with MSU crystals (250, 500, and 1000 µg/ml) induced the MDMs to release IL-1β, IL-1α, and IL-6 in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the caspase 1 inhibitor Z-YVAD-FMK and the cathepsin B inhibitor CA-074Me reduced production of IL-1β in a dose-dependent manner after LPS + MSU treatment. We used real-time reverse transcription-quantitative PCR to show that treatment with LPS and MSU (500 µg/ml) induced significantly greater expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β than after treatment with LPS. We also found that MSU treatment induced P2X purinergic receptor 7 (P2X7R) mRNA and protein expression. Furthermore, addition of the P2X7 purinergic receptor antagonist A-740003 significantly impeded IL-1β production and pro-IL-1β cleavage after treatment with LPS + MSU. Remarkably, RNA silencing of P2X7R (but not P2X4R) inhibited the release of IL-1β and other M1 macrophage cytokines (such as IL-1α, IL-6, and TNF-α) from MDMs stimulated with LPS + MSU. Taken as a whole, our results show that P2 purinergic receptors and the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway are involved in the secretion of IL-1β from MSU-stimulated human macrophages. This pathway may constitute a novel therapeutic target for controlling the inflammatory process in several associated pathologies.-Gicquel, T., Robert, S., Loyer, P., Victoni, T., Bodin, A., Ribault, C., Gleonnec, F., Couillin, I., Boichot, E., Lagente, V. IL-1β production is dependent of the activation of purinergic receptors and NLRP3 pathway in human macrophages
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01169797
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 30, 2015 - 11:27:55 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 24, 2020 - 3:15:33 PM

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Thomas Gicquel, Sacha Robert, Pascal Loyer, Tatiana Victoni, Aude Bodin, et al.. IL-1β production is dependent of the activation of purinergic receptors and NLRP3 pathway in human macrophages. FASEB Journal, Federation of American Society of Experimental Biology, 2015, 29 (10), pp.4162-4173. ⟨10.1096/fj.14-267393⟩. ⟨hal-01169797⟩

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