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Spatial distribution and impact of the gill-parasitic Mazocraes alosae (Herman, 1782) (Monogenea Polyopisthocotylea) on Alosa fallax (Lacépède, 1803) (Clupeidae)

Abstract : Are the distribution of Mazocraes alosae and its impact on the host similar between Alosa alosa and A. fallax according to their resemblances? Parasites were numbered on each gill of shads sampled in North-East Atlantic coastal waters and connected rivers. Their impact on host condition was measured using girth, gonado-somatic ratio, C/N ratio, and Fulton’s K. Prevalence and mean intensity of M. alosae were significantly higher for A. alosa than for A. fallax, including in sympatric conditions. The mean intensity varied among sites whatever fish species; it was higher in coastal–estuarine versus fresh waters only for A. fallax. The distribution of M. alosae was aggregated in the host population whatever species. At the host individual level, some gills (second and third for A. alosa, second for A. fallax) were significantly more inhabited than others, probably in relation with larger water volumes flowing on these gills and mazocraeid sedentary lifestyle. Despite high prevalence and intensity, no negative impact of M. alosae was demonstrated on the host condition whatever the index considered. Our study underlines the major occurrence of M. alosae on shads and the potential use of such benign parasite as biological tag to discriminate closely related host species.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01170422
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 1, 2015 - 3:14:34 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 7, 2020 - 12:30:07 PM

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Claudia Gérard, Maxime Hervé, Elodie Réveillac, Anthony Acou. Spatial distribution and impact of the gill-parasitic Mazocraes alosae (Herman, 1782) (Monogenea Polyopisthocotylea) on Alosa fallax (Lacépède, 1803) (Clupeidae). Hydrobiologia, Springer, 2016, 763 (1), pp.371-379. ⟨10.1007/s10750-015-2391-1⟩. ⟨hal-01170422⟩

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