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Synthesis process and hydrodynamic behavior of a new filtration material for passive wastewater dephosphatation

Abstract : The preparation optimization of a filter material intended to be used as a phosphate sorbent in flow-through conditions is investigated. The mixing of ferrihydrite (Fh) and pozzolana (Pz) using a “dry contact method” is found to be the most efficient and leads to the formation of a micrometric thick Fh coating deposited into the honeycombed structure of Pz. The maximal Fh content of ~ 8.5 wt.% is significantly higher than the quantity deposited on other classical substrates such as sand. The phosphate sorption kinetics and isotherms, under dynamic conditions in batch experiments, are best described by pseudo-second-order and Freundlich models respectively. Moreover, under static conditions, sorption kinetics reveals intra-aggregate diffusion process. Phosphate ion retention in packed columns, and especially the breakthrough point, can be adequately predicted when coupling the classical convection dispersion equation and the surface complexation model. Breakthrough curves of phosphate ions are strongly dependent on flow rate; which is important for future industrial applications. Finally, and unexpectedly, a high value of phosphate adsorption capacity (80 mg PO4 g− 1) is observed when phosphate-containing wastewater is used as feed solution. This is mostly explained by soluble calcium ions, which favors the phosphate fixation onto the filter material surface
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01188228
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 16, 2015 - 3:44:47 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 10, 2020 - 4:08:01 PM

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C. Ruby, K. Barthélémy, K. Hanna, M. Mallet, S Naille. Synthesis process and hydrodynamic behavior of a new filtration material for passive wastewater dephosphatation. Materials and Design, Elsevier, 2015, 86, pp.168-177. ⟨10.1016/j.matdes.2015.07.064⟩. ⟨hal-01188228⟩

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