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Complex physical properties of EuMgSi – a complementary study by neutron powder diffraction and 151Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy

Abstract : X-ray pure samples of EuMgSi were synthesized by reactions of the elements in sealed niobium tubes using a high frequency and subsequently a resistance furnace. The structure was investigated by single crystal X-ray diffraction: TiNiSi-type, Pnma, a = 769.5(2), b = 455.0(1), c = 836.9(2) pm, wR2 = 0.033 [I ≥ 2σ(I)], and 705 F2 values with 20 variables. Powder synchrotron radiation diffraction experiments did not reveal any structural changes down to 4.3 K. Magnetic susceptibility data and 151Eu Mössbauer spectra clearly indicate a stable Eu2+ configuration. Two distinct magnetic anomalies around 12 and 14 K can be observed for different samples with dc- and ac-susceptibility, heat capacity and resistivity measurements. Fitting of hyperfine field splitting as a function of temperature (151Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy data) with a Brillouin function also leads to a magnetic ordering around 14 K. Electronic structure calculations in coincidence with the resistivity measurement prove narrow (or nearly zero) gap-semiconducting behaviour. The calculated band gap energy of 0.03 eV should be considered with precautions due to the accuracy of this method. An incommensurate magnetic structure with the propagation vector k = [qx ≈ 0.37, 0, 0] was determined using neutron diffraction data at 5.5 K. In consensus of dc- and ac-susceptibility and neutron powder diffraction a complex combination of antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic interactions, most likely by super-exchange, is confirmed. These cause two magnetic ordering temperatures, though only one independent crystallographic Eu site in terms of the crystal structure is present in EuMgSi
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01196569
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 10, 2015 - 10:00:09 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 2:02:54 PM

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O. Niehaus, D. H. Ryan, R. Flacau, P. Lemoine, D. Chernyshov, et al.. Complex physical properties of EuMgSi – a complementary study by neutron powder diffraction and 151Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015, 3 (27), pp.7203--7215. ⟨10.1039/C5TC01017A⟩. ⟨hal-01196569⟩

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