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Polarization Rotation in Ferroelectric Tricolor PbTiO3/SrTiO3/PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 Superlattices

Abstract : In ferroelectric thin films, controlling the orientation of the polarization is a key element to controlling their physical properties. We use laboratory and synchrotron X-ray diffraction to investigate ferroelectric bicolor PbTiO3/PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 and tricolor PbTiO3/SrTiO3/PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 superlattices and to study the role of the SrTiO3 layers on the domain structure. In the tricolor superlattices, we demonstrate the existence of 180° ferroelectric stripe nanodomains, induced by the depolarization field produced by the SrTiO3 layers. Each ultrathin SrTiO3 layer modifies the electrostatic boundary conditions between the ferroelectric layers compared to the corresponding bicolor structures, leading to the suppression of the a/c polydomain states. Combined with the electrostatic effect, the tensile strain induced by PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 in the PbTiO3 layers leads to polarization rotation in the system as evidenced by grazing incidence X-ray measurements. This polarization rotation is associated with the monoclinic Mc phase as revealed by the splitting of the (HHL) and (H0L) reciprocal lattice points. This work demonstrates that the tricolor paraelectric/ferroelectric superlattices constitute a tunable system to investigate the concomitant effects of strains and depolarizing fields. Our studies provide a pathway to stabilize a monoclinic symmetry in ferroelectric layers, which is of particular interest for the enhancement of the piezoelectric properties.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01205438
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 25, 2015 - 2:52:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 30, 2020 - 9:38:04 AM

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Nathalie Lemee, Cecile Hubault, Michael G. Karkut, Ingrid C. Infante, Alexandre Boulle, et al.. Polarization Rotation in Ferroelectric Tricolor PbTiO3/SrTiO3/PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 Superlattices. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, 2015, 7 (36), pp.19906-19913. ⟨10.1021/acsami.5b03456⟩. ⟨hal-01205438⟩

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