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Selective Catalytic Electroreduction of CO2 at Silicon Nanowires (SiNWs) Photocathodes Using Non-Noble Metal-Based Manganese Carbonyl Bipyridyl Molecular Catalysts in Solution and Grafted onto SiNWs

Abstract : The electrocatalytic redn. of CO2 to CO in hydroorg. medium has been investigated at illuminated (λ \textgreater 600 nm; 20 mW cm-2) hydrogen-terminated silicon nanowires (SiNWs-H) photocathodes using three Mn-based carbonyl bipyridyl complexes as homogeneous mol. catalysts ([Mn(L) (CO)3(CH3CN)](PF6) and [Mn(bpy) (CO)3Br] with L = bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine and dmbpy = 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine). Systematic comparison of their cyclic voltammetry characteristics with those obtained at flat hydrogen-terminated silicon and traditional glassy carbon electrodes (GCE) enabled us to demonstrate the superior catalytic efficiency of SiNWs-H in terms of cathodic photocurrent densities and overpotentials. For example, the photocurrent densities measured at -1.0 V vs SCE for [Mn(bpy) (CO)3(CH3CN)](PF6) at SiNWs-H exceeded 1.0 mA cm-2 in CO2-satd. CH3CN + 5% vol./vol. H2O, whereas almost zero current was measured at this potential at GCE. Such characteristics have been supported by the energetic diagrams built for the different SiNWs\textbarMn-based catalyst interfaces. The fill factor FF and energy conversion efficiency η calcd. under catalytic conditions were higher for [Mn(bpy or dmbpy) (CO)3(CH3CN)](PF6) (FF = 0.35 and 0.34; η = 3.0 and 2.0%, resp.). Further preparative-scale electrolysis at SiNWs-H photocathode with Mn-based complex catalysts in electrolytic soln. evidenced the quant. conversion of CO2 to CO with a higher stability of the [Mn(dmbpy) (CO)3(CH3CN)](PF6) complex. Finally, in order to develop technol. viable electrocatalytic devices, the elaboration of SiNWs-H photoelectrodes modified with a Mn-based complex has been successfully achieved from an electropolymerizable catalyst, and it was shown that the electrocatalytic activity of the complex was retained after immobilization.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01208405
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Submitted on : Friday, October 2, 2015 - 3:25:43 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 8:34:03 AM

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Encarnacion Torralba-Penalver, Yun Luo, Jean-Daniel Compain, Sylvie Chardon-Noblat, Bruno Fabre. Selective Catalytic Electroreduction of CO2 at Silicon Nanowires (SiNWs) Photocathodes Using Non-Noble Metal-Based Manganese Carbonyl Bipyridyl Molecular Catalysts in Solution and Grafted onto SiNWs. ACS Catalysis, American Chemical Society, 2015, 5 (10), pp.6138-6147. ⟨10.1021/acscatal.5b01546⟩. ⟨hal-01208405⟩

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