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PAR-4 and anillin regulate myosin to coordinate spindle and furrow position during asymmetric division

Abstract : During asymmetric cell division, the mitotic spindle and polarized myosin can both determine the position of the cytokinetic furrow. However, how cells coordinate signals from the spindle and myosin to ensure that cleavage occurs through the spindle midzone is unknown. Here, we identify a novel pathway that is essential to inhibit myosin and coordinate furrow and spindle positions during asymmetric division. In Caenorhabditis elegans one-cell embryos, myosin localizes at the anterior cortex whereas the mitotic spindle localizes toward the posterior. We find that PAR-4/LKB1 impinges on myosin via two pathways, an anillin-dependent pathway that also responds to the cullin CUL-5 and an anillin-independent pathway involving the kinase PIG-1/MELK. In the absence of both PIG-1/MELK and the anillin ANI-1, myosin accumulates at the anterior cortex and induces a strong displacement of the furrow toward the anterior, which can lead to DNA segregation defects. Regulation of asymmetrically localized myosin is thus critical to ensure that furrow and spindle midzone positions coincide throughout cytokinesis.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 20, 2015 - 3:02:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 16, 2018 - 11:23:52 AM

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Anne Pacquelet, Perrine Uhart, Jean-Pierre Tassan, Grégoire Michaux. PAR-4 and anillin regulate myosin to coordinate spindle and furrow position during asymmetric division. Journal of Cell Biology, Rockefeller University Press, 2015, 210 (7), pp.1085--1099. ⟨10.1083/jcb.201503006⟩. ⟨hal-01214010⟩

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