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α-Trialkoxysilyl Functionalized Polycyclooctenes Synthesized by Chain-Transfer Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization

Abstract : Ring-opening metathesis polymn./cross-metathesis (ROMP/CM) of cyclooctene (COE) or 3-alkyl-substituted COEs (3R-COEs, R = Et, n-hexyl) using several trialkoxysilyl monofunctionalized alkenes as chain-transfer agents (CTAs; vinyl trimethoxysilane (1), allyl trimethoxysilane (2), and 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl acrylate (3)) and various Ru-carbene-alkylidene catalysts afforded several trialkoxysilyl mono- and difunctionalized polyolefins. The formation of α-monofunctional (MF), α,ω-difunctional (DF), isomerized α-monofunctional (IMF), linear nonfunctional (LNF), isomerized linear nonfunctional (ILNF), and cyclic nonfunctional (CNF) PCOEs is rationalized by a two-stage mechanism. First, formation of monofunctionalized (MF) and nonfunctionalized (LNF, CNF) macromols. takes place through a ROMP/CM along with RCM (ring-closing metathesis) process. Subsequently, C=C isomerization (ISOM) combined with a second CM process give isomerized (ILNF, IMF) and difunctionalized (DF) macromols. The nonfunctionalized polymers (CNF, LNF, and ILNF) were formed in minor quantities compared to the trialkoxysilyl-functionalized polymers (MF, IMF, and DF), as evidenced by NMR and MALDI-ToF MS analyses and fractionation expts. The rate and selectivity of the reaction varied with the nature of the CTA, COE substituent, catalyst, and to a lesser extent of the solvent. The use of 1,4-benzoquinone (BZQ) as additive allowed inhibiting completely the ISOM process. Alternatively, steric hindrance in 3-RCOEs substituted monomers resulted in an ISOM-free process with selective formation of MF polymers. The reactive Grubbs' second-generation catalyst (G2) afforded the best compromise in terms of productivity, reactivity, and selectivity. Under optimized conditions favoring the formation of MF/DF, i.e., in CH2Cl2 at 40 °C for 24 h with [COE]0/[CTA 3]0/[G2]0/[BZQ]0 = 2000:20-200:1:100, the polymn. was rather well-controlled. While CTAs 1 and 3 selectively gave mixts. of MF and DF, allyl CTA 2 resulted in a mixt. of IMF, MF, and DF.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 27, 2015 - 9:47:00 AM
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Abdou Khadri Diallo, Xiaolu Michel, Stéphane Fouquay, Guillaume Michaud, Frédéric Simon, et al.. α-Trialkoxysilyl Functionalized Polycyclooctenes Synthesized by Chain-Transfer Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization. Macromolecules, American Chemical Society, 2015, 48 (20), pp.7453--7465. ⟨10.1021/acs.macromol.5b01863⟩. ⟨hal-01220886⟩



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