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Relevance of EORTC Criteria for the Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis in HIV-Infected Patients, and Survival Trends Over a 20-Year Period in France

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Before the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), roughly 50% of cases of invasive aspergillosis (IA) associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection involved individuals without classical predisposing host factors, and the median survival time was \textless4 months after diagnosis. We examined if the situation evolved over time using the revised European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group (EORTC) definition and analyzed survival trends after diagnosis over 20 years. METHODS: A data review committee evaluated 342 medical records that mentioned IA in the French Hospital Database on HIV. Validated cases were classified as fulfilling the EORTC criteria or otherwise as "HIV-related IA." Three periods were analyzed: pre-cART (before 1996), cART era prevoriconazole (1996-2001), and 2002-2011. RESULTS: Among 242 validated cases of IA, 124 (51%) fulfilled the EORTC criteria (EORTC-IA) and 118 (49%) were classified as "HIV-related," with similarly low CD4 cell counts in both groups. The proportion of EORTC-IA cases remained stable across the 3 periods (50%, 48%, and 54%, respectively). The 3-month survival rate improved after the advent of cART (38% vs 69%), with no difference between EORTC-IA and HIV-related IA (hazard ratio [HR], 1.2 95% confidence interval [CI] \0.7-1.8\). Voriconazole exposure decreased mortality in 2002-2011 (HR, 0.1 95% CI [0.01-0.8]). CONCLUSIONS: In the cART era, EORTC criteria, developed for use in hematology/oncology, still applied to only half the cases diagnosed among HIV-infected patients. A rapid diagnosis of IA is paramount to improve survival. For patients who do not fulfill the EORTC definition, we suggest that the addition of "HIV infected with a CD4 count \textless100 cells/µL" to the EORTC host criteria be validated
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01225497
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 6, 2015 - 11:30:36 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:21:20 AM

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Blandine Denis, Marguerite Guiguet, Nathalie Castro, Frédéric Méchaï, Matthieu Revest, et al.. Relevance of EORTC Criteria for the Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis in HIV-Infected Patients, and Survival Trends Over a 20-Year Period in France. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2015, 61 (8), pp.1273--1280. ⟨10.1093/cid/civ492⟩. ⟨hal-01225497⟩

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