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PIV and Electrodiffusion diagnostics of flow field, wall shear stress and mass transfer beneath three round submerged impinging jets

Abstract : This paper reports on measurements of velocities, wall shear rates and mass transfer in an impinging round jet issued from a round nozzle. The effect of the nozzle shape on transfer phenomena was investigated. A round orifice perforated either on a flat plate (RO/P) or on a hemispherical surface (RO/H) was compared to a reference convergent nozzle (CONV). All the nozzles have the same exit diameter D. The exit volumetric flow rate was also conserved and led to the same Reynolds number based on the exit bulk velocity, Reb = 5620. The nozzle-to-wall distance was constant and equal to 2D. The Particle Image Velocimetry technique (PIV) was used to capture the jet flow field. The limitations of the PIV technique in the vicinity of the target disc are addressed by using the electrodiffusion technique (ED) to obtain the wall shear rate distribution. The ED technique was extended for the measurement of local mass transfer distribution and global mass transfer on the target disc. The whole velocity field, wall shear rates and mass transfer in the three impinging round jets were compared. It was shown that at constant volumetric flow rate, the use of an orifice nozzle not only improves wall shear rate, but also increases local and global mass transfer. The global mass transfer on a target disc of a 3.2 D diameter is 25% and 31% higher for RO/H and RO/P nozzles, respectively, compared to the reference CONV nozzle. The orifice nozzles generate narrower exit profiles relatively to the convergent nozzle. The vena contracta effect in orifice jets, more intense with RO/P than with RO/H, generates an increase of the exit centerline velocity. The hemispherical surface of RO/H nozzle stretches the flow at the exit and somewhat attenuates the vena contracta effect. The characteristic scale representation of the data confirms the origin of the observed differences between the three jets. A link between the wall shear stress and the mass transfer is revealed. The wall shear rate and the mass transfer are in a close relationship with the near field flow features, themselves affected by the nozzle geometry. Time-resolved tomographic PIV technique reveals that the wall shear rate fluctuation is related to the dynamics of the jet coherent structures. The instantaneous PIV fields indicates the formation of secondary vortices in the region where a secondary peak in local mass transfer emerges. The level of this secondary peak is sensitive to the nozzle shape. The higher is the jet acceleration, the more intense is the level of the secondary peak
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Kodjovi Sodjavi, Brice Montagné, Pierre Bragança, Amina Meslem, Paul Byrne, et al.. PIV and Electrodiffusion diagnostics of flow field, wall shear stress and mass transfer beneath three round submerged impinging jets. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Elsevier, 2016, 70, pp.417-436. ⟨10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2015.10.004⟩. ⟨hal-01225592⟩

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