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Evidence for signature whistles in Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) in Ilhéus, northeastern Brazil

Abstract : Signature whistles have been widely studied in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). A recent study suggested the occurrence of signature whistles in Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) but could not identify the whistlers. The objective of this study is to describe the whistle characteristics in the population of S. guianensis from Ilhéus and investigate the occurrence of signature whistles. Dolphins from 55 groups were photographed and sound emissions from 21 groups were recorded. The frequency parameters and duration of the 847 recorded whistles were similar to those recorded in 12 other populations, on an intermediate position of a latitudinal gradient. The visual classification method was applied to the spectrograms of 68 stereotyped potential signature whistles. Five out of 6 human judges agreed on the formation of 13 groups. The presence of the same individuals in different recording occasions of stereotyped whistles suggests that some whistle types are produced by specific individuals. The study is the first to use the photo-identification technique to identify Guiana dolphins emitting whistles and the results reinforce the hypothesis of signature whistles in this species
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01229441
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Submitted on : Monday, November 16, 2015 - 4:19:57 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 9, 2020 - 4:08:03 PM

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Alice de Moura Lima, Yvonnick Le Pendu. Evidence for signature whistles in Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) in Ilhéus, northeastern Brazil. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, 2014, 136 (6), pp.3178. ⟨10.1121/1.4900829⟩. ⟨hal-01229441⟩

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