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Age-related decline of abiotic stress tolerance in young Drosophila melanogaster adults

Abstract : Stress tolerance generally declines with age as a result of functional senescence. Age-dependent alteration of stress tolerance can also occur in early adult life. In Drosophila melanogaster, evidence of such a decline in young adults has only been reported for thermotolerance. It is not known whether early adult life entails a general stress tolerance reduction and whether the response is peculiar to thermal traits. The present work was designed to investigate whether newly eclosed D melanogaster adults present a high tolerance to a range of biotic and abiotic insults. We found that tolerance to most of the abiotic stressors tested (desiccation, paraquat, hydrogen peroxide, deltamethrin, and malathion) was high in newly eclosed adults before dramatically declining over the next days of adult life. No clear age-related pattern was found for resistance to biotic stress (septic or fungal infection) and starvation. These results suggest that newly eclosed adults present a culminating level of tolerance to extrinsic stress which is likely unrelated to immune process. We argue that stress tolerance variation at very young age is likely a residual attribute from the previous life stage (ontogenetic carryover) or a feature related to the posteclosion development.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 30, 2015 - 4:41:16 PM
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Hervé Colinet, Thomas Chertemps, Isabelle Boulogne, David Siaussat. Age-related decline of abiotic stress tolerance in young Drosophila melanogaster adults. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, The Gerontological Society of America, 2016, 71 (12), pp.1574-1580. ⟨10.1093/gerona/glv193⟩. ⟨hal-01235793⟩

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