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Multiple exposures to indoor contaminants: Derivation of benchmark doses and relative potency factors based on male reprotoxic effects

Abstract : Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds (SVOCs) are commonly present in dwellings and several are suspected of having effects on male reproductive function mediated by an endocrine disruption mode of action. To improve knowledge of the health impact of these compounds, cumulative toxicity indicators are needed. This work derives Benchmark Doses (BMD) and Relative Potency Factors (RPF) for SVOCs acting on the male reproductive system through the same mode of action. We included SVOCs fulfilling the following conditions: detection frequency (>10%) in French dwellings, availability of data on the mechanism/mode of action for male reproductive toxicity, and availability of comparable dose-response relationships. Of 58 SVOCs selected, 18 induce a decrease in serum testosterone levels. Six have sufficient and comparable data to derive BMDs based on 10 or 50% of the response. The SVOCs inducing the largest decrease in serum testosterone concentration are: for 10%, bisphenol A (BMD10= 7.72E-07 mg/kg bw/d; RPF10= 7033679); for 50%, benzo[a]pyrene (BMD50= 0.030 mg/kg bw/d; RPF50= 1630), and the one inducing the smallest one is benzyl butyl phthalate (RPF10 and RPF50= 0.095). This approach encompasses contaminants from diverse chemical families acting through similar modes of action, and makes possible a cumulative risk assessment in indoor environments. The main limitation remains the lack of comparable toxicological data.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 5, 2016 - 4:56:11 PM
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Kevin Fournier, Cleo Tebby, Florence Zeman, Philippe Glorennec, Denis Zmirou-Navier, et al.. Multiple exposures to indoor contaminants: Derivation of benchmark doses and relative potency factors based on male reprotoxic effects. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, Elsevier, 2016, 74, pp.23-30. ⟨10.1016/j.yrtph.2015.11.017⟩. ⟨hal-01237085⟩

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