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3D cell culture to determine in vitro biocompatibility of bioactive glass in association with chitosan

Abstract : This study reports the in vitro biocompatibility of a composite biomaterial composed of 46S6 bioactive glass in association with chitosan (CH) by using 3D osteoblast culture of SaOS2. The 46S6 and CH composite (46S6-CH) forms small hydroxyapatite crystals on its surface after only three days immersion in the simulated body fluid. For 2D osteoblast culture, a significant increase in cell proliferation was observed after three days of contact with 46S6 or 46S6-CH-immersed media. After six days, 46S6-CH led to a significant increase in cell proliferation (128%) compared with pure 46S6 (113%) and pure CH (122%). For 3D osteoblast culture, after six days of culture, there was an increase in gene expression of markers of the early osteoblastic differentiation (RUNX2, ALP, COL1A1). Geometric structures corresponding to small apatite clusters were observed by SEM on the surface of the spheroids cultivated with 46S6 or 46S6-CH-immersed media.We showed different cellular responses depending on the 2D and 3D cell culture model. The induction of osteoblast differentiation in the 3D cell culture explained the differences of cell proliferation in contact with 46S6, CH or 46S6-CH-immersed media. This study confirmed that the 3D cell culture model is a very promising tool for in vitro biological evaluation of bone substitutes' properties
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01254815
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 12, 2016 - 4:47:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 2:07:02 PM

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Y. Bédouin, P. Pellen Mussi, S. Tricot-Doleux, D. Chauvel-Lebret, P. Auroy, et al.. 3D cell culture to determine in vitro biocompatibility of bioactive glass in association with chitosan. Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering, IOS Press, 2015, 26 (3-4), pp.169--181. ⟨10.3233/BME-151555⟩. ⟨hal-01254815⟩

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