. Group, Prospective Evaluation of Criteria for Microbiological Diagnosis 381 of Prosthetic-Joint Infection at Revision Arthroplasty, J Clin Microbiol, vol.36, pp.2932-382, 1998.

I. Matsen, C. Fa, and . Bt, Optimization of Periprosthetic Culture 396 for Diagnosis of Propionibacterium acnes Prosthetic Joint Infection, J Clin, vol.397, 2011.

S. Kurtz, K. Ong, E. Lau, F. Mowat, and M. Halpern, Projections of 399 primary and revision hip and knee arthroplasty in the United States from 2005 400 to 2030, J Bone Joint Surg Am, vol.89, pp.780-785, 2007.

P. Rosset, E. Rusch, and B. L. , Bone and joint infections in 403 hospitalized patients in France, 2008: clinical and economic outcomes, J Hosp, p.404, 2012.

A. Roux, . Sivadon-tardy, T. Bauer, A. Lortat-jacb, J. Herrmann et al., Diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection by beadmill processing of a periprosthetic specimen, Clinical Microbiology and Infection, vol.17, issue.3, pp.447-450, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2010.03359.x

V. Essen, R. Hölttä, and A. , Improved method of isolating bacteria from joint fluids by the use of blood culture bottles., Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.45, issue.6, pp.454-461, 1986.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.45.6.454

B. Levine and B. Evans, Use of Blood Culture Vial Specimens in Intraoperative Detection of Infection, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.382, pp.222-231, 2001.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-200101000-00030

I. F. Cockerill, Culture with BACTEC Peds Plus/F Bottle Compared 418 with Conventional Methods for Detection of Bacteria in Synovial Fluid, J Clin, p.419, 2001.

L. Font-vizcarra, S. Garcia, J. Martinez-pastor, . Sierra, and A. Soriano, Blood Culture Flasks for Culturing Synovial Fluid in Prosthetic Joint 422 Infections, Clin Orthop Relat Res, vol.421, issue.468, pp.2238-2243, 2010.

H. Hughes, R. Newnham, N. Athanasou, B. Atkins, P. Bejon et al., Microbiological diagnosis of prosthetic joint infections: a prospective evaluation of four bacterial culture media in the routine laboratory, Clinical Microbiology and Infection, vol.17, issue.10, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2011.03597.x

A. Velay, F. Schramm, J. Gaudias, B. Jaulhac, and P. Riegel, Culture 428 with BACTEC Peds Plus bottle compared with conventional media for the 429 detection of bacteria in tissue samples from orthopaedic surgery, 2010.

I. Cjw, Use of an automated blood culture system (BD BACTEC?) for 433 diagnosis of prosthetic joint infections: easy and fast, BMC Infect Dis, vol.14, pp.233-434, 2014.

A. Tande and P. R. , Prosthetic Joint Infection, Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol.27, issue.2, pp.111-124, 2014.
DOI : 10.1128/CMR.00111-13

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01130448

J. Mirra, R. Marder, and H. Amstutz, The pathology of failed total joint 451 arthroplasty, Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res, vol.170, pp.175-83, 1982.

K. Bergh, A comprehensive microbiological evaluation of fifty-four patients 462 undergoing revision surgery due to prosthetic joint loosening, J Med Microbiol, vol.46361, pp.572-581, 2012.